Wednesday, December 25, 2019

The Party’s Attitude Toward Love and Sexuality - 1574 Words

The Party’s attitude toward love and sexuality 1984 is a novel written by George Orwell, the main theme of the novel is about how totalitarian society can control every aspect of a person thought, sexuality and action. Totalitarianism can be define as a repressive one-party that has total control over people thoughts and actions. In 1984, people are being control totally by the Party through device such as the telescreen. People are stripped away from their freedom to do things that they want. The Party wants people to only focus on improving the Party and set everything else aside. Love is nonexistent in this government and the Party’s policy strictly forbids sex. The Party restrains people from falling in love with one another.†¦show more content†¦Their freedom to love each other is being taken away by the Party. The Party is dehumanizing them by repressing the love that Winston and Julia have for each other. When people are being repressed they are more lik ely to gain curiosity and do things that they want. The Party can eliminate people that are having pleasurable sex because it is harmful to the Party. Winston and Julia are the two characters in 1984 that are likely to be eliminated from the Party because they are having pleasurable sex and not â€Å"goodsex†. They meet each other through their job and fall in love with each other. They are very secretive about their relationship because in their society it is against the Party’s policy. In the novel, Julia says that she had sex with a lot of members of the Party. She is trying to corrupt the Party by doing this because the Party’s purpose is to remove all sexual acts. George Orwell says: Unlike Winston, she had grasped the inner meaning of the Party’s sexual Puritanism. It was not merely that the sex instinct created a world of its own which was outside the Party’s control but and which therefore had to be destroyed if possible. What was more impo rtant was that sexual privation induced hysteria, which was desirable because it could be transformed into war fever and leader worship (133). Julia understands the sexual repression of the Party and she is against it because she believes that people should be able to do whatever they want toShow MoreRelatedWomen s Attitudes Towards Women1538 Words   |  7 PagesSwans examines China’s attitudes towards women by demonstrating the different social, political, and moral standards her (Chang’s) mother, grandmother, and herself were held to throughout their various stages of life. The changes that occur throughout the novel are of grand importance of understanding communist China and the way women are viewed today. In the time that Wild Swans takes place (1870-1978) a significant number of changes occur regarding China’s attitudes towards women, as their politicalRead MoreCritics of Novel 1984 by George Orwell14914 Words   |  60 PagesSetting: Oceania Main Characters: Winston Smith; Julia; OBrien; Big Brother/Emmanuel Goldstein Major Thematic Topics: mutability of the past; the existence of fact through memory; memory; history; language; oppression of writers Motifs: repressed sexuality; dreams Major Symbols: Newspeak; prole woman; birds; telescreens; glass paperweight The three most important aspects of 1984: The setting of 1984 is a dystopia: an imagined world that is far worse than our own, as opposed to a utopia, which isRead MoreLgbt19540 Words   |  79 Pagesprejudice and discrimination against lesbian, gay and bisexual people. It is also the dislike of same-sex attraction and love or the hatred of people who have those feelings. The term was first used in the 1970s and is more associated with ignorance, prejudice and stereotyping than with the physiological reactions usually attributed to a ‘phobia. While homophobic comments or attitudes are often unintentional, they can cause hurt and offence to lesbian, gay and bisexual people. Transphobia TransphobiaRead MoreArticle Reviews on Family, Society, Human Behavior, and Sexuality4652 Words   |  19 Pagesand Gender Roles Will Continue To Evolve, 2012) These perceptions about gender roles are expected to change and evolve with the passage of time and according to a number of studies the changes in the perceptions regarding the gender role will lead towards the elimination of gender inequality and other discriminations from the societies. (Family and Gender Roles Will Continue To Evolve, 2012) 2.INTERNAL DYNAMICS OF FAMILIES a.Internal Social Processes Social processes have a very wide meaning andRead MoreCulture War By Morris Fiorina6419 Words   |  26 Pagesdisplacement of the traditional economic conflictions that brought to life the twentieth century politics in the advanced democracies by newly emergent moral and religious ones (Fiorina, 2). Fiorina goes on to express how the journalistic community fell in love with the idea of cultural war. Having disagreement, division, polarization and rivalries at the tip of their fingers are perfect for news coverage. Heated discussions are much more appealing to the public than watching two politicians boringly comeRead MoreLeading Function of Management15642 Words   |  63 Pageseverything occurs in conformities with the standards. An efficient system of control helps to predict deviations before they actually occur. According to Theo Haimann, â€Å"Controlling is the process of checking whether or not proper progress is being made towards the objectives and goals and acting if nec essary, to correct any deviation†. According to Koontz O’Donell â€Å" Controlling is the measurement correction of performance activities of subordinates in order to make sure that the enterprise objectivesRead MoreSAT Top 30 Essay Evidence18536 Words   |  75 PagesThe first time she saw a plane (at the age of 10) she didn’t think that it was interesting at all! As a young woman during World War I, she trained as a nurse’s aide and helped as a volunteer at a military aid hospital; before she discovered her love of airplanes, she was busy helping wounded soldiers 1920 is credited as the year when Amelia Earhart discovered her passionate fascination with flying - as a passenger in a small plane, she knew within minutes that she had to learn to fly. SheRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pages don’t they? One of the arguments is much stronger than the other. Which one is that? ────CONCEPT CHECK──── Identify the indicator phrases in the following passage: I’ve been in love with you ever since you began going out with my friend Charles. So you shouldnt say no one loves you now that he doesnt love you anymore. ────15 When you are suspicious that an argument is present in a passage, the best strategy for finding it, besides simply asking the arguer whether they are arguing, is

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Essay on Abraham Lincoln the Politician - 1473 Words

Abraham Lincoln the Politician Abraham Lincoln: Moral, Just, and Practical Today in the United States one of the most controversial issues is race relations. Mainstream America would like to exist in an environment of integration and race independent societal construct. However, one cannot negate the existence of racially motivated problems. Slavery, which is a primary component of the development of what we call modern American culture and its abolition could be considered the moment where race relations started to become an issue in the US. Slavery was abolished after the civil war by President Abraham Lincoln. The question becomes, was the blood shed in the civil war motivated by a moral imperative to end†¦show more content†¦He built his own flatboat, navigated it to New Orleans, and then settled for a time to manage a store and a mill, and act as Post Master, as well as studying Law. In 1836 he was licensed to practice as an attorney, and settled in the following year in Springfield, Illinois, where he married Mary Todd. Though clashes of temperament between the high tempered Mary and her sincere but often inconsiderate husband meant that the marriage was never an easy one, it was not the tragedy that legend has made it. In 1847 Lincoln was elected to congress as a Whig, but he did not particularly distinguish himself in his one term of office, which was chiefly valuable for the formation of political associations and the establishment of a reputation for sincerity and honesty. He was not reelected, and it was an ebb-period of his career. It was not until 1854 that he began to stand out from the hundreds of provincial lawyer-turned-politician. In the last year the Bilk to reopen the Louisiana purchase to slavery gave rise to much northern opposition, and to the birth of the new Republican party. Lincolns speech at Peoria was the first occasion on which he stated clearly his personal attitude to the slavery issue. Slavery is founded in the selfishness of mans nature -- opposition to it is his love of justice. In 1856 he joined the Republican party, and fairly launched himself on his new career in 1858 when he stoodShow MoreRelatedAbraham Lincoln: Great Emancipator or Common Politician?1487 Words   |  6 PagesPresident Abraham Lincoln has been revered as one of the greatest presidents in the history of the United States. He is known for his great effect on slavery and served his terms during the civil war in a time of great controversy. The American Civil War (1860-1865) occurred at the exact time of Lincolns presidency (1861-1865). The North and the South were divided and a big issue was slavery, on which Lincoln took an anti-slavery stance. Lincoln has been called many things because of his views fromRead MoreSlavery During The 19th Century895 Words   |  4 PagesStates was split into two sections, the north and south, over the dispute of slavery. The south sought to further slavery while the north was in favor of abolishing slavery. Around 1858, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Dougla s, two politicians with completely different views on slavery fought each other with politicians trying to win the presidency election of 1860. This was known as the â€Å"Great Debates of 1858†. Slavery during the late 1800’s was at its highest peak; almost 1 out of 4 citizens had slavesRead MoreMaking An Abraham Lincoln Movie901 Words   |  4 Pages Making an Abraham Lincoln movie can be very tricky and a difficult job. Everybody knows the story of Abraham Lincoln and knows the persona that President Lincoln can give out. Spielberg’s, Ford’s, and Griffith’s Lincoln all did very notable work. Griffith’s Lincoln in Birth of a Nation was a worthy performance by Henabery. Ford’s Young Mr. Lincoln was known as one great over all film. The scenes in the film were spot on and the Lincoln played by young Mr. Henry Fonda was the best in the businessRead MoreAbraham Lincoln And The Gettysburg Address1152 Words   |  5 PagesAbraham Lincoln was born on Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin, now known as larue, County Kentucky. Lincoln got married in 1842 to Mary Todd. His children were Robert Todd, Edward Baker, William Wallace, and Thomas III. A braham was in office from 1834-1842. Abraham Lincoln died at age 56, april 15, 1865. The Republican Party met in Chicago to select a candidate. They took the chance now because of the democrats in turmoil. They needed someone who would help the north and also win most of the electoral collegesRead More Abraham Lincoln Essay1464 Words   |  6 Pages Abraham Lincoln sprang to the presidency from extremely humble and tragic roots. His father, Thomas, and his mother, Nancy, were both illiterate. When Abraham was young, he had a sister who died as an infant and a brother who died as a boy. When Abraham was nine years old, his mother tragically died, leaving him in the care of only his father, who, within the year of his wife’s death, remarried a widow, Sarah Bush Johnston. Sarah was extremely kind to Lincoln and encouraged his developing love ofRead MoreAbraham Lincoln And The Civil War1095 Words   |  5 Pages1861 Abraham Lincoln became the sixteen president of the United States. He had the Proclamation of declaring forever to free slaves within the Confederac y in the year 1863. Lincoln directly told the South In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you.... You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it. Lincoln wasRead MoreLincoln and Good Politics Essay946 Words   |  4 PagesLincoln and Good Politics Politicians today as well as yesterday must appeal to the masses to have any chance at being elected into office. Leading up to and during the election of 1860, with tensions rising between the North and South, the issue of slavery was a key to winning the election. Abraham Lincoln had repeatedly affirmed that Congress had no constitutional right to interfere with slavery in the South (Enduring Vision, p. 399). This modest view is what won him the RepublicanRead MoreEssay Abraham Lincoln1426 Words   |  6 Pages As the 16th president, Abraham Lincoln was known to be the greatest American President. He guided his country through one of the most catastrophic experiences in its history, the Civil War. He was a very unique president, being the first president to have a beard, being the tallest president standing at 6’4 and also being the first to be assassinated. Abe Lincoln accomplished many things in the 4 year term he had served before being assassinated. With his intelligence and hard work, he madeRead MoreThe Life Of Abraham Lincoln754 Words   |  4 PagesValenzuela 1 Issac Valenzuela Mrs. Barr 7th Grade Literature May 24, 2016 The Life of Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was born and raised in a log cabin. He was born on February 12, 1809. His mother was a great Christian. She often told them stories from the Bible. One day, Lincoln’s mother died of poisoned milk when he was only nine. Abraham Lincoln was one of the tallest presidents in our history. He was six feet, four inches tall. When he was elected president, he started theRead MoreAbraham Lincoln, Slavery and the American Civil War Essay1716 Words   |  7 Pagesinvestigation will analyze how Abraham Lincolns view on slavery reflected during and after the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865. To analyze exactly how Lincolns position on slavery affected the war overall, this investigation looks at Lincolns moral and religious views as well as his social and political views. Two main sources were used, both dealing with events relevant to his political career and his roots in his career and other important issues including slavery. Lincoln by David Herbert Do nald

Monday, December 9, 2019

Corporate Social Responsibility Report Trading Industry

Question: Describe about the Report for Corporate Social Responsibility Report of Trading Industry. Answer: Introduction Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been defined by many scholars and organizations. Most scholars and people have given almost similar definitions and thus it has been adopted by millions of organizations and persons all over the years throughout different sets of decades. Majority of these elites have defined CSR as a business system that enables generation and distribution of wealth with purposes of betterment to the stakeholders. It was first introduced in the year 1920 but later on collapsed. Its crumple was caused by break out of World War II. [i]However, it rose again in the year 1950 in organized way. Its fruits are being observed up to date. Most companies are being called upon each and every day by stakeholders in order to help address issues affecting the country. These issues include economic development and environmental management. They are expected to address these problems unconditionally since they are in better position to do so rather than relying on the gove rnment and the donors to bring about aid to the community. Corporations can perform well in their administration of corporate social administration when they work in a conjoined form with the stakeholders. This is because these groups of persons are in a good position in understanding the needs of the society. Likewise, they have the knowledge, which is the mechanism of sorting out the issues affecting the society. The problems to be handled by the organization as their social responsibility to the community are supposed to be addressed on time. This enables the company to plan in advance and prevent it from being subjected into financial crisis in the company. Early notifications also help in the decision-making process concerning crucial matters affecting the company as they deliver their services to the society. Scope of engagement Communicator audit is a duty given to an individual to carry out the work of checking out whether the company adheres to the sustainability policy. This duty entails going through several documentation and the structures of the company in order to obtain the information. One ought to go through the financial reports and the sales daybooks among others showing the transactions of the company. During the course of communicating on the sustainability concept, one should also look into the files of the human resource manager to get the information on the criteria of employing workers in the organization. During my research at the BHPs companies, I realized that their corporate charter clearly emphasizes the centrality and significance of the corporate social responsibility. This company has substantial interest in the convention and unconventional oil and gas businesses in the world. They are classified among the best performing manufacturing in the European region. Due to its performanc e mechanism, handling these issues based on their credibility is of great magnitude. This is because it samples out the behavior of developed organizations in the world. They deal with the highly rated pollutants across the world. During my course of work, I realized that they are performing very well in the sustainability concept of the society. This company has put in place stringent measures to aid in the conservation of the environment. First, the dirty water, which is normally released into water bodies, are recycled and reused back into the industry. The excess is pumped into the nearby villages to be used in running day-to-day activities. This helps the community by reducing the burden of walking long distance to obtain water. Moreover, the cost is reduced since it is given free of charge unlike those ones of the municipality in which one is required to pay a certain amount of money in order to receive. Another method they use in the conservation of the environment is through burning of waste and indecomposable material in the incinerators. This helps in the reduction of the gases to the ozone layer. This prevents the depletion of the ozone layer and thus health of the surrounding community is preserved. This company has also invested in the society so richly by planting trees within and outside the vicinity. This helps in making the climate of the area favorable for human homage. This companys board of directors closely complies with the government through the payment of taxes[ii]. This revenue collected is used in the development of different vicinities, which are entitled to create a better society. These vicinities include hospitals and schools. I realized the employment chatter of this company states that the employment consideration is prioritized on the locals first. This group through community based programs work hand in hand with the company to support the neighborhood. Their salaries are paid with certain percentage being for the corporate re sponsibility of their people. In their sustainable approach documentation, it came into my attention that this company is defined by Group Level Documentation. This describes the mandatory requirement and the accountability of the company to its stakeholders. According to it, they are expected to comply with the international council on mining and metals sustainable development framework, which is a requirement stipulated by the United Nations. This certification requires them to deal with the pollutions caused by these minerals as soon as they realize in order to prevent the human life from dangers brought about by such. They are also entitled to set workplace standards to enforce applications through the operated assets. They are also entitled to identify and operate on their material risk. This provides a strong foundation for active and consistent risk-based approach for sustainability of the environment and people wellbeing[iii]. The implementation also touches on the assessment of risk and consideration on the potentiality to health, community, environment, and the safety of the employees and the stakeholders. The employees are insured so that in case of a fatality in the line of duty, their families will still survive from the savings of their beloved one. Reference of CSR according to academic literature and industrial stand Although corporate social responsibility has been introduced many decades ago, its implementation and definition remain a continuous debate among many scholars and organizations worldwide. According to findings, many feel the stakeholders have exploited them. This is because they view that they run business to get profits to sustain themselves and develop their more business. They view this charitable work as an encouragement of laziness to the society since they just wait to be facilitated by the companies running within their locality. In literary and industrial cumulative definition is that sustainability responsibility refers to a business system that enables production and distribution of wealthy from the industries or corporations with key to betterment of the stakeholders. This is done through integration of ethical system and sustainable management practices. It is usually coupled by system approach in the company. The concepts used by the academicians and the industrial stan dards helps in supporting terminologies, which are required in developing visions that enables corporations to success manage the CSR[iv]. Academicians and the industrial standards started to do thorough research on the sustainability concept of the society in the year 1979. This was propelled by evolution of the CSR in that particular year. One of the leading academicians called Peter Ducker was the first to debate on this issue. According to him, social responsibility is simply the enjoyment of the company output by the company itself. This scholar believed that one ought to treat oneself nicely after hard work. He never agreed on the fact that it should get back to the society unless through employment. The subsequent authors on this matter completely disagreed with him. Carol Cuso is also another academician who tried to explain what corporate social responsibility is to her readers. The companies while maximizing profits must apply sustainability responsibility. She added that, they should also follow rules and the regulations set by the government in running of the limited liability companies. Apart from that, she also suggested the business should also extend its responsibility in order to cater for the needs of the society whether directly or indirectly. She stressed more on the ethical perspective of the corporation in alignment with doing their business activities[v]. Through an intensive research carried out in the libraries and the archives, it came into our attention that over 37 independent scholars have tried to explain the model behind the definition of corporate social responsibility. Among the numerous elites, one finds that there is lack of balanced definition. This is attributed by the fact that none of them provides a guidance towards it. Organizations such as the International Satisfied Organization (ISO) have also tried to give out the definition of the sustainability concept of the company to its stakeholders[vi]. This company later on created the definition, which is used extensively worldwide to define corporate social responsibility in all works of the society. This definition was first adopted and used by the private and public companies before other relative business organizations decided to also use it. ISO stated that the understanding of CSR is all about human rights, organizational governance, labor practices, community invo lvement, consumer issues, the environment, and fair operating practices[vii]. Besides, its system is made up of production and the distribution of wealth, ethical system, stakeholders management and the sustainable business practices. The capitalists principles approach on the proposed definition of sustainability advance was characterized by conflicts from the Islamic states. Most companies around the world adhere to the principle advantage and goal of these measures. However, some of them view it as waste of the profits of the company. CSR claims embedded in BHP's vision and strategic documents BHPs Billiton Company has a very well developed and followed vision while addressing what is required of them by the society and the stakeholders at large. One of the embedded information found in the documents of this company is the responsibility to the government. BHPs Billiton runs its operation in line with regulations and the rules stated by the government. It ensures that the taxes and the services to the citizen that is the employees and the other stake holders needs are adhered to as required by the law of the land. This is done through the board of directors who oversee the requirement and guide the management into exercising this requirement. Additionally, the BHPs ensures that the society is protected while they administer their duties of manufacturing hard metals. This is done by ensuring that they dispose of the waste in a synchronized manner to avoid coming into contact with the human beings as they carry their day-to-day activities. The societys financial incapacitati on is also protected through offering of employment opportunities. Additionally, they are given opportunities to subscribe to the companys tenders to gain profits in the event of winning of the tenders. They also build social amenities such as hospitals and schools. This will lead to enhancing the knowledge ability and the health wise of this people. Corporate identity and ethics is also among the factors the company practices with aim of building its society. They work according to the norms, which governs the surrounding populace. This is because the tradition of the people is very important and thus the need to follow the prescribed code of behavior by the company is necessary. This will lead to its increment in the productivity[viii]. Moreover, the reputation received from the public is outstanding. This is because the society is a mirror and your actions will be rated according to your deeds. BHP is also expected to be accountable to its work. This means that whatever happens, whether they were aware or not and it is within their dimension, they should make sure it is well sorted out. Apart from that, they should account to different stakeholders in the business. For example, they should ensure that the employees are paid their remunerations are required and on time. They are also supposed to be accountable in waste management sector. They should ensure that all pollutants are disposed responsibility to avoid contamination of the environment. Another major thing they must do come what may is collaborating with the stakeholders. This group helps in giving out information concerning important issues and the strategies they should put in place in order to facilitate trading. The stakeholders also help in giving out the information about how the community leaves so that when planning for the sustainability, appropriate budget is on the table[ix]. BHPs claims measurement According to the communicator approach done, one realizes that the governance found in the document of this company is measurable in nature. This is seen by the observations that all the required as specified by different bodies licensing this company is adhered to. Further, certificates awarded to this company from different organizations for their complete submission in the assistance of the community is inevitable. The way in which they dump their waste and the large recycling process in progress in the compound of this company gives them a big and inclusive outstanding charitable organization in the area[x]. Discrepancies between communicated intentions and corporate practices Most companies normally enter into business with great views and compliance to the CSR requirement. However, as time moves by, they start to slag in the provision of the incentives to the public. These are caused by issues such as corruption among the officials in the company, conflicts resulting between the company and the community and the fluctuation caused by prices mechanisms. Recommendations For any company to succeed, it should have certain qualities, which lure the customers. This can be obtained through inspiration of the masses. This helps in marketing of the products indirectly and thus improvement of the CSR. Transparency should also be geared since it is one way of giving the community a reason to belief in your capability. One should also develop a rationale argument uplifting the case of the company.[xi] Conclusion CSR is one of the greatest achievements ever developed in the trading industry. The government should be very tough to the businesses in order to ensure that this is followed to the latter. This will help in the eradication of the poverty since those who do not have help can access it from the capable ones in the universe. Companies should learn to be transparency in aiding the community since in one way or another they are the market of the produce in pipeline. Top of Form Bottom of Form Bibliography Asbury, S., Ball, R. The practical guide to corporate social responsibility: Do the right thing. New York: 2016. Bhaduri, S. Selarka, E.Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility of Indian Companies. New York: Springer; 2016. Blackburn, W. R., Environmental Law Institute. .The sustainability handbook: The complete management guide to achieving social, economic, and environmental responsibility. Washington D.C: Environmental Law Institute; 2007. Boubaker, S., Nguyen, D. K.Corporate governance and corporate social responsibility: Emerging markets focus. Oxford: Oxford Publishers; 2015. Haerens, M., Zott, L. M. Corporate social responsibility. Oxford: Oxford Publishers; 2014. Helen, J. S. An identity-based approach to the sustainable corporate brand.Corporate Communications: an International Journal2015; 16(2). Hunnicutt, S. Corporate social responsibility. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press; 2009. KaratasÃÅ'Â §-OÃÅ'ˆzkan, M., Nicolopoulou, K., OÃÅ'ˆzbilgin, M. Corporate social responsibility and human resource management: A diversity perspective; 2014. Jonker, J., Witte, M. C., Palgrave Connect (Online service). The challenge of organizing and implementing corporate social responsibility. Basingstoke [England: Palgrave Macmillan; 20006. O'Neill, P. The Industrial Corporation and Capitalism's Time-Space Fix; 2012, 74-90. Jamali, D., Karam, C., Blowfield, M. Development-oriented corporate social responsibility: Volume 2; 2015. James, H. Accounting as a human right: the case of water information.Accounting, Auditing Accountability Journal,26,2, 267-311; 2013. National Seminar on "Corporate Social Responsibility", In Kumar, S. Corporate social responsibility; 2015. Pedersen, E. R. Corporate social responsibility. Oxford; Oxford Publishers; 2015. Pompper, D. Corporate social responsibility, sustainability and public relations: Negotiating multiple complex challenges; 2015.[xii] Razeq, Z. M. UNDP's engagement with the private sector, 1994-2011; 2014.[xiii] Shah, S. Soulful corporations: A values-based perspective on corporate social responsibility. Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. Tor, E. Healthy personnel policies.International Journal of Manpower,2012; 33(3), 233-245. Wolf, R., Issa, T., Thiel, M.Empowering organizations through corporate social responsibility; 2015.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Main Barriers to Entry

Introduction In recent years, various businesses have been â€Å"ripping-off† customers in Britain. Since 1999, the United Kingdom car industry embraced an anti-competitive pricing strategy after the admission of Volvo. Volvo is a leading European car manufacturer. The car dealers entered new agreements to keep car prices extremely high. Most of the car manufacturers in the country fixed prices through â€Å"selective and exclusive distribution† (Ruppert 22). This discussion examines the main barriers restricting entry to the car industry.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Main Barriers to Entry specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More How the Main Barriers Restrict Entry into the Car Industry The current situation in the country explains why it is hard for car dealers to enter into the United Kingdom’s car industry. The first barrier to entry to this industry is the existence of an â€Å"oligopo listic market structure† (Ruppert 14). The case study shows a classical example of an oligopoly whereby the market is dominated by a few car manufacturers and dealers. The leading companies make secret agreements that keep car prices in the country extremely high. The companies also use â€Å"official† dealers to market their cars at a specified price (Ruppert 38). This explains why car prices in the country remains high. New firms trying to enter into the market cannot succeed because of the existing market structure. This explains how the car manufacturers have consistently blocked cheaper cars from the country. The other barrier to this industry is the occurrence of â€Å"tacit collusion†. Tacit collusion is a strategy whereby two or more firms agree upon a specific approach without necessarily writing it on paper (Tucker 64). The strategy makes it impossible to have a strong response from other companies. In the United Kingdom, the major car manufacturers hav e entered agreements to keep prices high. The strategy has kept potential competitors away (Ruppert 55). As well, the companies have constantly blocked cheaper cars from the country. The strategy discourages competitive practices thus forcing foreign companies to stay away. This kind of collusion promotes the business of the leading car dealers while threatening that of newcomers. New companies targeting the industry encounter numerous threats from the existing players. This is a major barrier to entry because the car manufacturers use different anti-competitive practices. The approach makes the industry unattractive for foreign car dealers. For instance, the leading manufacturers have constantly threatened major European car dealers and manufacturers. The new companies understand they can easily lose their businesses and dealership if they continue selling their cars to British consumers. Such threats have discouraged new players from investing in the industry (Ruppert 87). For new car manufacturers to enter to this industry, there should be no threats or any form of collusion. This explains why such a barrier makes the industry unattractive. As a result, the British consumer has to pay more for a car in the country.Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the United Kingdom, consumers have to purchase cars from the leading car manufacturers. The companies use â€Å"price signalling† to lock out foreign car dealers (Stackelberg 19). The dealers also delay delivery of ordered cars to the country. This has made it impossible for new companies to enter the industry. British buyers are forced to change their minds and buy cars from British dealers. This explains why car prices in the United Kingdom are higher than in other European countries. Although the European Commission (EC) advocates for a healthy competition, the major companies in Britain d o not embrace a â€Å"Cournot Competition†. This occurs when the existing companies do not act strategically. Instead, they collude in order to dominate the industry. This continues to affect the industry by discouraging new entries. The consumer continues to suffer from the situation by paying more than 10 % for a car. Without a healthy competition, new companies will find the industry less attractive and instead consider investing in other countries (Stackelberg 23). In 2002, the European Commission (EC) decided to change the â€Å"Block Exemption† regulations in order to allow different competitors operate in different countries. The new regulation provided car distributors exclusive territories to market or distribute their cars. The strategy helped develop new sales outlets in the European Union. However, the existence of the above barriers has not altered the situation in the United Kingdom (Tucker 81). Most of the car models marketed in the country are usually e xpensive than the normal European Union price. The rate of inflation continues to keep car prices high. Whenever there are barriers to entry, new dealers and car manufacturers are unable to have a profitable business. Conclusion There have been numerous accusations that British consumers are forced to pay much higher prices for cars than their Europeans counterparts. From the above discussion, it is notable that the Nash equilibrium is not embraced in the country. Instead, the car manufacturers have colluded with dealers in order to threaten new marketers. The existence of an oligopolistic market structure also makes the industry less attractive. The above barriers to entry to this industry have continued to affect the British car buyer. Works Cited Ruppert, James. The British Car Industry: Our Part in Its Downfall. London: Foresight Publications, 2008. Print.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Main Barriers to Entry specifically for you for only $ 16.05 $11/page Learn More Stackelberg, Heinrich. Market Structure and Equilibrium. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Print. Tucker, Irvin. Macroeconomics for Today. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print. This case study on Main Barriers to Entry was written and submitted by user Jeram1ah to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

imperialism essays

imperialism essays During most of the 19th century, our national policy was isolationism, meaning that we would steer clear of all foreign affairs. The policy was constructed and put into effect due to George Washington's Farewell Address. He stated that since we are a small, young country, we should not get involved in foreign affairs. However, after western expansion out to the pacific coast, in the late 19th century, we began looking overseas. Our country felt that expansion overseas was not only necessary, but demanded in order to have power. At the same time, not everyone agreed towards overseas expansion, and that caused great disagreement within the country. Now we look back, and the question is, was the United States justified in becoming an imperialistic power? I believe the US was. Based on several sources, I think we were justified. In document 1, Alfred Mahan, a Navy Officer and supporter of imperialism, stated why we needed to expand internationally. Before the start of the Spanish American war, Mahan wrote a book called The Interest of America in Sea Power. In it, he states that we must begin to look outward because of the growing production of our country, our location between Asia and Europe demands it, and the public feelings demands it. Mahan was helpful in creating the Great White Fleet. His reasoning's for why we should expand revolved around the Navy. While growing would protect us, like Mahan wanted, it would also help us in other aspects. In Document 6, we see that if we acquire the countries in the pacific, we will be closer to China. China has excellent trading privileges for us. In China, there were spheres of influence, where certain countries had special trading advantages. We also issued the Open Door Policy allowing trade throughout China f or all. Besides having markets and trading, from acquiring these "stepping stones" in the pacific, we will also gain military strength for forces and we'll be able refuel and repair our ...

Saturday, November 23, 2019

From Now on Forget about Where Can I Find Research Papers Troubles

From Now on Forget about Where Can I Find Research Papers Troubles From Now on Forget about Where Can I Find Research Papers Troubles College research papers can be extremely challenging to write, but any student can confirm that it is easier to write a paper when you have an example. Here are five fabulous resources for finding sample research papers. 1. The Internet You really can find anything on the Internet these days, including thousands of research papers on an endless variety of topics. No matter what topic you were assigned to, you are almost guaranteed to find a sample essay on the Internet. Although the variety of papers on the Internet is a major benefit, anyone can upload an essay, so there is often no way to be sure that the essay you are viewing is from a credible source. You should be careful not to use a poorly written sample as a model for your own research paper. Some pieces on the Internet cost money, and not all of these are of such a high quality they claim to be, so be attentive. If you use your best judgement, the Internet is a great place for anyone who asks him/herself, â€Å"Where can I find research papers?† 2. Libraries Libraries are filled with books that may offer examples of excellent research papers, which you can use to help shape your own paper. Libraries provide you with far more credible resources than the Internet, so using the library is the way to ensure that you are only using the best and the most qualitative papers to guide you. However, searching for sample papers in a library may be much more challenging endeavor than finding research papers on the Internet. If you are willing to meet the deadline and effort for the most credible examples, then the library is the right place for you. 3. Friends or Siblings If your friends or siblings have previously taken the classes you are enrolled in, they may have written about the same topic in the past. Even if they haven’t written papers on the same topic, you may still be able to view a research paper graded by your professor, which will give you an idea of what your professor looks for in research papers and how to structure your own essay the right way. Of course, you’ll have to make sure that your sibling or friend did well in the class, before using his/her research paper as your example. Although you may use the paper as an example, be sure that you do not copy it outright. Plagiarism is taken very seriously at the colleges and universities, so use the paper as a guide for creating your own original piece. 4. Professor If you ask your professor, he/she may have examples of research papers from previous students stored in her office. This is one of the best ways to ensure you get a great example- if your professor, who is grading your research paper, recommended the example, then you know it is a good one to use as a guide for your own writing. The paper will also likely have the professor’s mark and comments written on it, which can give you valuable insight into what the most important point you should cover in your own work is. 5. Classmates You may be able to compare essays with your fellow classmates. Perhaps you can get together with your classmates to brainstorm research paper topics, and later meet to read one another’s essays and offer feedback. It can be very helpful to listen to the ideas of others in your class for inspiration, get feedback on your own ideas, and receive a second opinion from students who are taking the same class. However, some college students fear sharing ideas or writing with others not to be copied. If you find a group of students you can trust who are willing to share ideas, it will be a great opportunity to get more inspiration. Next time you are writing a research paper, but you don’t have a sample to guide you, try using one of the resources we have suggested. You will come up with some strong, qualitative examples to help you produce an excellent research paper of your own.

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Business Continuity Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Business Continuity - Assignment Example It emphasizes assessing varied risks that a business faces while performing different operational functions. Finally, ‘maintaining business continuity’ is all about responding effectually towards any adverse situation, faced by a business during the conduct of various functions. This focuses on following methodical business procedures for reaping benefits (Armstrong, 2012). The above stated conceptions can be better understood with the example of improving system along with process resilience in relation to a ‘disaster recovering planning’ project. In this similar context, it can be affirmed that ‘running business continuity’ will focus on identifying the biggest risks and the mitigation costs as well. In respect to the concept of ‘developing business continuity’, the factors like developing effective continuity plans and using the valuable resources play a vital role. The notion of ‘testing business continuity’ in relation to the above example can be better explained as identifying the threats in accordance with varied risk levels and reviewing the results of such threats. Finally, ‘maintaining business continuity’ for the aforesaid example will emphasize empowering the project team and most importantly, updating project response procedures (Armstrong,

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Appalachian Mountain Top Removal (strip mining) Essay

Appalachian Mountain Top Removal (strip mining) - Essay Example Everyone is aware of the dangers of black lung and cave-ins, but the coal has to be brought out at any cost. The long-suffering people in these company towns buried deep in the folded mountains and valleys of the Appalachians are the stuff of legend. Unfortunately, like most legends, the realities of modern coal mining have relegated these people to the realm of fiction. Thanks to mining methods such as Mountain Top Removal (MTR), the coal industry barely needs people at all anymore. MTR became a popular method of mining coal in the 1970’s. Traditional deep shaft mining using lots of skilled labor and traditional techniques had been growing increasingly expensive due to increasing labor costs and safety regulations. Large coal companies began to use a technique commonly called â€Å"strip mining†, where the overburden covering the coal seams was entirely removed. This method allowed for the extraction of large amounts of coal using machinery instead of human labor. This is more economical for the company but provides fewer jobs for the people most affected by the mining. MTR is much like strip mining except it happens on a massive scale. The nature of this type of mining has lead to devastating consequences for the environment, economy and society surrounding these mines. MTR in the Appalachian region, centering on the states of Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and Kentucky is largely a product of the geology of the area. Through geologic time, the Appalachian Mountains have been folded and compressed. Coal seams often follow the general topography of the surrounding mountains. Traditional methods of mining involved an angled shaft that penetrated overlying resistant rock in an effort to get at the coal seam. In MTR, the entire top of a ridge is blasted away, exposing the seam. The seam is then worked from top to bottom and down slope using massive dragline and excavation machinery. The environmental

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Happy Feelings Essay Example for Free

Happy Feelings Essay Happiness is something that does normally come to everyone in one way shape or form. Happiness is not something that just comes, it’s something that you create. In a person’s life if you are waiting on something to change in order to be happy, then you’re not living life. When you adopt a positive attitude, life becomes a rewarding instead of something to get through. If you wish to be happy, you have to be less involved in your own happiness and more involved in the happiness of others. Make others happy and you become happy as a result. Involve yourself totally, throw yourself into what you are doing in life, and happiness will result. If you are compromising, i.e. doing something you hate as a means to an end so that good will result one fine day, STOP! Begin to do more of what you love now and let that grow until it fills your life. Then happiness will be yours, and you will be better able to bring happiness to the world, (Asoka Selvarajah). We look for happiness outside ourselves, thinking that if we and the right job, homes , and the right friends we would be truly happy. All our life we have tried to surround ourselves with people and things that make us feel comfortable. A step in seeking happiness is learning that we first have to learn how negative emotions are not helpful and positive emotions are helpful. †We must also realize that these negative emotions are not only very bad and harmful to one personally, but are also harmful to society and the future of the whole world, (Dalai Lama). The Dalai Lama believes that happiness is a state of mind is the source of happiness must lie within the mind. If our mind is pure and peaceful we shall be happy, regardless of our external changes. Dalai Lama believes that happiness is achieved through compassion and training the mind. To achieve happiness begins with distinguishing between spirituality and religion. To have a spiritual portion in your life, you will appreciate the happiness in your life. My first subject I chose was Jennifer Aldred, She is a close friend and someone that I recently began dating. Jennifer is 33 years old and holds a degree in Computer Science. Jennifer is employed at the Chick-fil-a Corporate Office as an Administrative Communications Assistant. The questions I had presented to Jennifer were as follows: 1. What is your definition of Happiness? 2. Has your definition of happiness changed over time? 3. What experiences have influenced your definition? 4. Do you expect your definition to change again over time? 5. Do you think the happiness of other around you affect your happiness? 1. Happiness is a relative-term that is based off of the levels of serotonin in the body. â€Å"I have a science background; what can I say.† 2. My definition of happiness has only changed slightly over time; more dramatically from childhood into adulthood. As a child, happiness was more about receiving a material gift. Now, as an adult, time is more valuable to me. And, being able to spend time with my peers gives me that same sense of happiness as when I was a child and my parents would give me a new toy. Of course, most of our basic needs such as food, shelter, love and peer bonding have continued to make me happy over time. As we age, the definition of happiness will mature as with our lives. 3. Looking into the past, I associate key events (birthdays, being able to drive for the first time, the birth of my friend’s children, getting married, vacations, etc.) with my happiness. Currently, I am very content with where I am in life so there for each day is filled with an undertone of happiness. Contentment = happiness. 4. I completely expect my definition of happiness to change again. As I progress into different stages of my life, whatever is most valuable to me will become my greatest source of happiness. 5. Yes, the happiness of others directly affects my happiness. My second subject I chose was Kristie Thompson, She is a work associate and is an Executive Assistant and holds a Master’s Degree in Business Administration. Kristie is employed at the Chick-fil-a Corporate Office. The questions I had presented to Kristie were as follows: 1. What is your definition of Happiness? 2. Has your definition of happiness changed over time? 3. What experiences have influenced your definition? 4. Do you expect your definition to change again over time? 5. Do you think the happiness of other around you affect your happiness? 1. Happiness is defined as following the path that God has lead out for you and being in His will. Only when you are doing what God has called you to do can you really be happy. It is knowing that I am doing what He created me to do regardless. 2. Happiness has changed as Ive matured, as a kid, happiness was the next big present received or achievement for parents to be proud of you. As an adult, happiness is rarely about you or your achievement. 3. As a Christian, everything is influenced by what I learn in the Bible and my life experiences, whether good or bad, just support that. 4. No, I believe that I’m am pretty set in my ways. I have my family, home and everything that I need. I’m 38 years old and believe I have found I am pretty set in my ways in what I like and don’t like. 5. The happiness of others around me may impact my mood, but not my true happiness. I’m not going let other bring me down. I can say I have brief moments of happiness, for example when my children accomplish something, but don’t overall affect my overall happiness. Richardson, Hugh E. (1984). Tibet Its History. 1st edition 1962. 2nd edition

Thursday, November 14, 2019

The Natural Feminine in Romanticism: A Commentary Essay -- Gender F

After Bethany and Sarah's presentation, "Nature as Woman," I was interested and confused - as were they, I think - by the multiplicity of contradicting views of nature as it relates to gender. According to dominant views on Romanticism, access to nature required a distinctly feminine perspective. Paradoxically, this feminine perspective, entitled ycleped 'sensibility' was to be taken utilized most effectively by men, yet it rested on 'feminine' "emotion [as] †¦ a more pure response to nature" (Fay 5). According to G.J. Barker-Benfield's The Culture of Sensibility "the sentimentalizing process" involved the temperance of a certain 'manliness' that is "uncouth and savage" (288) unless moderated by a feminine influence, thus woman was to use the so-called 'natural' gifts of her sex to lend culture to her more robust and virile counterpart. On first glance, this moderation of 'manly' characteristics appears to lend legitimacy to 'feminine' ideals; however, this apparent liberation o f the feminine illuminates two very serious problems. First, as Barker-Benfield points out, 'feminine' ideals are privileged, but only as they serve to improve upon man; woman is not idealised in her own right. In this service of a masculine purpose "woman was to be 'fashioned' by men rather than by herself" (288). Second, the seemingly legitimisation of 'feminine' ideals can appear progressive but, as a result, ultimately serves to authenticate an idea of 'natural femininity that is, in the opinion of many a feminist, a repressive patriarchal social construct that lacks any real biological referent. Thus it is very fitting, - but not the least bit subtle - that this artificial idea of femininity should be directly applied to Nature herself. If, as Betha... ...constantly striving and failing to solidify and naturalize its gender assumptions. In the end, gender and patriarchy itself are proven unstable and fundamentally paranoid. Works Cited Bethany and Sarah. "Nature Being Represented as Woman." Romantic Travellers. 10 Feb. 2005. David S. Miall. 18 Feb. 2005. Fay, Elizabeth A. A Feminist Introduction to Romanticism. Malden: Blackwell, 1998. Privett, Anne. "Appropriating Nature: Gilpin, the picturesque and Landscape Gardenting." Appropriating Nature: A Presentation for English 409. 10 Feb. 2005. Khaghan Parker, Anne Privett and Luke Ingberg. 18 Feb, 2005 2006. Mulvey, Laura. "Visual Pleasure in Narrative Cinema." Literary Theory: An Anthology. Ed. Julie Rivkin and Michael Ryan. Malden and Oxford: Blackwell, 1998.

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Comparing the Two Poems: Clown Punk and Medusa Essay

Compare the ways the ‘Clown Punk’ and ‘Medusa’ show characteristics of being isolated and having bad or no kind of relationship with people. Both the ‘Clown Punk’ and ‘Medusa’ show characteristics of being isolated from humans; as shown in the ‘Clown Punk’, a man is being shunned by the general public, he is thought to be a bit of a joke – not to be taken seriously or treated as an equal. People fear him, yet despite this they also have a contrasting emotion of pity. Once thought of as rebellious, the man has now faded into the background, being forced to choose a simple job; his lack of education ensures this. He is a clown. The town clown. ‘Medusa’ can relate to the ‘Clown Punk’ because, although she was once accepted amongst people; beautiful and in love – she doubted her fiancà ©Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s loyalty, slowly transforming her into a bitter and unsightly woman, thinking it would be ‘so better by far for me if you were stone’ in hopes that he would feel as isolated as she felt. Medusa’s wild thoughts slowly began to take actio n on her appearance, transforming her into a gorgon. Although Medusa and the clown punk are similar in many ways, Medusa chose to exclude herself from the rest of society, wanting to be unseen and living in the shadows of life, while the clown punk was turned away – wanting to be noticed but forever ignored. The ‘Clown Punk’ uses plenty of emotive language to emphasize the fact that the clown punk is a character the reader must feel for. The structure of the poem is 4 lines long within 4 stanzas, apart from the last which contains only 2, perhaps to draw attention to the fact that people wish that they could see less of the clown. ‘Medusa’ however uses a lot of figurative language – using similes and metaphors to emphasise the fact that Medusa is a character the reader must fear but also pity, similar to the ‘Clown Punk’ Emotive language, such as ‘deflated face’ is used in the ‘Clown Punk’ to create a vivid image for the reader. The language used allows the reader to picture the clown, making him appear more realistic and letting the reader feel sympathy for the clown punk because they can now imagine him clearer as a person with emotions. ‘Turned the hairs on my head to filthy snakes, as though my thoughts his sed and spat on my scalp’ This sentence is used in the Medusa poem because unlike the ‘Clown Punk’ it uses  both figurative language and emotive language, such as the simile, the use of the word ‘filthy’ and alliteration of the ‘S’ sound. The ‘S’ sound creates the sense that the reader can actually hear the snakes upon Medusas head, these snakes share Medusa’s thoughts, and take action upon them. ‘The shonky side of town’ is used in the ‘Clown Punk’ because the clown does not belong to the ‘good’ side of town. ‘shonky’ is a new word, invented by the author to show that there is no way to describe the awfulness of where the clown lives without mixing and matching words, (shonky is made up of shady and wonky) this is perhaps to show the slang attitude of punk rock. At the end of the second stanza within the ‘Medusa’ poem, their is a question which seems rhetorical – where in actual fact the question is answered at the beginning of the third stanza, making the reader pause momentarily before receiving the answer. This pause makes the question more frightening because waiting slightly adds drama and suspense to the poem. Within the structure of the ‘Clown Punk’ you could argue that the poem contains some characteristics of a sonnet, this could show that the clown punk is going against normal rules, he is rebelling. The structure of the ‘Medusa’ poem is rather long compared to the relatively short ‘Clown Punk’ ‘Medusa’ poem does not rhyme, whereas the ‘Clown Punk’ rhymes in the first, part of the third, and last stanza. The clown punk uses the same amount of syllables in each line in the first stanza. The reader of ‘Medusa’ would feel sorry her. Although Medusa rejected herself from social interaction, she is wild and can barely think straight without the snakes twisting her every thought. In addition to this, the reader may also attempt to understand medusa’s situation, in spite of the fact that she is no longer human – the reader can still sympathise with her. The author of the ‘Clown Punk’ never reveals the clowns actual name, this makes him seem mysterious and less human. Without a name, the public nickname him words that can scare other people away from him. It is this fear that contradicts the readers’ earlier emotion of pity. The reader of this poem would feel sympathetic at the relationship between the clown and the people, they would perhaps also feel grateful that they are accepted into their community – and no longer take for granted their friends and family.

Saturday, November 9, 2019

Privacy and Social Networks Essay

â€Å"Privacy seems to encompass everything, and therefore it appears to be nothing in itself† (Solove, 2008, p. 7). It is an oversimplification to define privacy as all what an individual owns. With the evolution of new technologies nowadays, it is very hard to define privacy because it varies from one person to another and from one culture to another (Solove, 2008). With the rise of social networks during the last decade, new views about privacy started to emerge due to its special mechanism in sharing information. Social networks enable users to instantly share information, thoughts, photos, products and videos with the many users in the network at once. Unlike other means of communication, the information in social networks can spread to hundreds of users in seconds. Then, the users who received the information may share it among their network, and then further to other networks, which will end up in spreading the information to millions of people in no time, just like a chain reaction. This new mechanism of sharing, which is becoming faster every day, raised new concerns about privacy among individuals and organizations. In spite of all these concerns about the personal privacy on the social networks, social networks websites are the most visited websites in the internet. For example, Facebook has reached 901 million monthly active users in April, 2012 (Hachman, 2012). Although social networks enables an easy sharing of private information about individuals or low profile information about organizations, individuals and organization should not be afraid of using social networks due to privacy concerns, and instead they should be more public and utilize the social network. Being public and open to the world is better than being private and closed because it enables people to learn from others personal experience. Naturally, any individual or organization benefits from communicating with others. Nevertheless, communication with others, regardless of the mean of communication, usually involves giving away some private information to the other. However, social networks empowered the world a new mean of communication that benefits all the users in the network by sharing private information. For example, an individual can share some previous experiences such as overcoming an illness, eating habit, or making a project. Being afraid of sharing experience, because of privacy, would only deprive others from benefit of these experiences. According to Tapscott (2012): Fully 20 percent of all patients with the fatal disease ALS share intimate information about their treatment and condition on the network PatientsLikeMe. com. And tens of thousands of others with rare diseases who use that website report that sharing has helped them better manage their illness. Because the social network enabled them to share information about their medical conditions, which is very private information, they supported each others with valuable information about their disease and inspired each others with their experience. Social networks enhanced collaboration, which in return brings benefits to all individuals, at the cost of personal information. Some may argue that because of posting private information on social networks, some employee may suffer from being fired from or being denied for a job. In other words, social networks negatively affect employment because they allow the employers or managers to access an employee’s or a job applicant’s private data. For example, Andrews (2012) states in her book that a high school teacher, called Ashly Payne, was asked to resign because she uploaded a photo of her on Facebook drinking an alcoholic drink even though it is legal to drink in her country. She also claims that employers â€Å"will not hire someone whose Facebook page includes photo of that person drinking or in provocative dress† (p. 122). However, the information on social networks could not be used against an employee or a job applicant because it is considered unethical and illegal. First, it is unethical to judge a worker from the personal aspects rather than working skills. Besides, Jarvis (2011) defines privacy as â€Å"the ethics of knowing† and publicness as â€Å"the ethics of sharing† (p. 110). Therefore, it depends how the individual interpret others information. On the other hand, employers can also look into a job applicant’s profile in a social network to see his/her previous experience in work. Second, it is illegal to make ecision on an employee or a job applicant based on social networks personal information. Furthermore, this act is considered discrimination and the company can be sued for this action (Waring & Buchanan, 2010). Therefore, employees and job applicants should not be afraid of posting information in social networks. Social network is a safe place to share private information with others. The main issue is that private data on the social network is accessible anytime and anywhere. Without a doubt, the privacy of individual’s profile data in the social network should be protected to make the network a safer place for sharing. Therefore, many social networks provide powerful tools to control the access on private information. First, social networks do not grant access to other users profile data anonymously. In order to access any data even if it is public, the individual needs gain the social networks trust by registering an account in the social network. This enables the social network administration control over the social network. Second, the user can choose who is able to view his/her profile private information and what information others can see. For instance, the user can block accounts, specify groups and set privileges. Third, social networks also provide a help center to report abuse of the services such as spamming, bullying or hateful speeches. The social network administration can stop any account permanently or even take legal action if an individual is reported abusing others privacy. Finally, most social networks provide a parental control to help parents control how their children use the social network. Since social networks rely on the trust between the users, these tools does not only make a social network a safer place, but also trustworthy. Richters and Peixoto (2011) performed a research to show the transitivity of trust in social networks. They found out that people decide who to trust based on other peers who trust. To emphasize this to the topic, users trust only specific users over their private information and thus they trust the social network. Conversely, trusting the social network increases the trust among the users. In addition, trustworthiness implies a social network safety, which in return means users being more comfortable sharing their information using the social network. For example, one of the reasons that made Facebook the most successful social network is the trustworthy of the users. According to Jesdanun (2006, as cited in Fogel & Nehmad, 2009), because Facebook was only restricted for students, the users felt safer to share data through the social network. Nowadays, Facebook is open to the public, but they are very strict in term of network safety. In fact, Fogel’s and Nehmad’s (2009) research statistics showed that â€Å"those who had social networking profiles had significantly greater mean scores†¦ indicating that they believed Facebook is a more trustworthy social network† (p. 175). For any social network to be successful, the social network has to maintain the trust of their users through the safety of the social network. Therefore, social networks are trustworthy over the users’ private in the social network. Despite of these control tools, some may argue that social networks still a potential threat to the users’ privacy. For instance, many believe that social networks made a fertile ground for identity theft and stalking. People usually fear the technology; because social networks are also considered one of them, every possible problem falls under the umbrella of privacy concerns on social networks. Privacy, however, is not only controlling the data access, but also controlling how it is used or interpreted (Boyd, 2010). Let us discuss these problems one by one. First, identity theft occurs when someone steals someone’s secret information and pretending to be that person. According to Jarvis, â€Å"[the identity theft issue] is less an issue of privacy than larceny† (2011, p. 96). Assuming it is an issue of privacy, suppose someone hacked someone else’s account or page on a social network, thus accessing or using the victim’s information. Should this be considered the social network fault? The user, the victim, probably did not take security precautions to protect what he/she considered a private data. Additionally, the social network provides tools to retrieve, to report or to suspend a stolen account. Second, stalking is obsessively observing an individual’s behavior or information. Unfortunately, stalking can mostly be from those who have access to the profile information such as friends and coworkers. However, it still depends on how they interpret the information. For example, if someone knew that his friend is getting divorced, he decides whether to support him, help him, or stand against him. Social networks’ databases do not only contain data about their users, but also how the users interactions with the social networks and other users. Therefore, the data in social networks are very valuable as some refers to it as â€Å"the new oil†. Social networks use these data, through data mining, to improve its services and to gain revenue. Most social networks gain revenue from targeted advertising. For example, if a user often reads about cars, or writes posts related cars, the data mining system is going to assume this user is interested in cars. Therefore, the social network shows that user advertisements related to cars within the user’s living area. Social networks created a new marketing option that helps the companies to expand their production and services (Andresen, 2011). On the other hand, data mining and targeted advertisement raises new privacy concern in social networks. For example, some users may feel uncomfortable when these advertisements are based on some information that were marked as private, a personal chat with a friend for instance. However, data mining and targeted advertising does not violate privacy laws or ethics. According to Seltzer research in data mining ethics (2005) â€Å"like most statistical methodologies data mining by itself is ethically neutral† (p. 1441). This is mainly because the data mining process is carried on by computer programs, which will not interact with these data the way a human would. They will not develop any judgment or feelings about the user no matter how sensitive the data is. Moreover, social networks provide advertisers with anonymous statistical data. In other word, advertisers do not know the identities of users in the statistics provided by the social network. In conclusion, social networks are new powerful tool for communication with the others. The data on the social networks are can easily be accessed anywhere and anytime, and therefore this created a controversial debate between privacy and the social networks. However, being afraid of using social networks would have only deprived the benefits of using these tools. Besides, employees and job applicants should not be afraid of using social networks because their information in social networks could not be used against them as it is considered illegal and unethical to be used against them. Nevertheless, social networks provide powerful tools to control over the user’s private information, thus implying that the social networks are trustworthy over private information. In sprit of all privileges control tools, many people believe that the social networks can cause problems such as identity theft and stalking. However, these problems are not necessarily due to social networks, but instead it is due to how people interpret the information in the social networks. As a result the, the user should be more careful when posting a sensitive data and think before sharing any information. Finally, because social networks databases contains tremendous amount of data, social networks created a new form of business using these data while protecting the identity of the data. Therefore, individuals and organization should not concern privacy when using social networks and utilize its benefits.

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Taming Of The Shrew Essays - The Taming Of The Shrew, Free Essays

Taming Of The Shrew Essays - The Taming Of The Shrew, Free Essays Taming Of The Shrew In William Shakespeares Taming of the Shrew, Katherine is not truly tamed because she simply follows Petruchios orders without changing her spirit. Petruchio gets his hands full when he marries Katherine. She is a very wild and rough woman who needs to be tamed. In the beginning of the story, Katherine is a very wild woman; her father speaks of her violent ways: For shame, thou hilding of a devilish spirit! (II, i., 27-28). Baptista, Katherines father, is obviously fed up with Katherine and her savage manners for him to utter such strong words to his daughter. Katherine is so feral that she will never be able to be tamed. Throughout the play, she remains this way. On the way to Biancas wedding, Petruchio threatens to turn back unless Katherine agrees that the moon is shining, and it is not the sun, as it truthfully is. Hortensio, one of Petruchios friends, advises Katherine to consent to Petruchio: Hortensio: Say as he says, or we shall never go. Katherine: Forward, I pray, since we have come so fare, And be it moon, or sun, or what you please. (IV, v., 13-15) Katherine is becoming very smart at obeying Petruchio. She now understands how to get what she wants from him. Her spirit is still wild and untamed; however, she acts loyal to Petruchio on the surface to avoid suffering Petruchios punishments. By not changing her nature, Katherine shows Petruchio that he is not in charge. The men of the town of Padua need to find a man to marry Katherine to free her fair sister, Bianca. Katherines father will not allow Bianca to marry until the elder is married. Petruchio is talked into marrying Katherine, mostly for her fathers dowry. When Petruchio first meets Katherine and talks of marriage, she is very wild and she tries to run away from him: I chafe you if I tarry. Let me go. (II. i., 255). Katherine does not want to be with Petruchio. She is happy being by herself and making her sister miserable. She is a very independent woman, and she enjoys living up to her reputation. When Petruchio fails to listen to Katherine about what type of outfit she wants to wear to Biancas wedding, she is enraged: Why, sir, I trust I may have leave to speak, And speak I will. I am no child, no babe. Your betters have endured me say my mind, And if you cannot, best you stop your ears. My tongue will tell the anger of my heart, Or else my heart, concealing it, will break, And, rather than it shall, I will be free Even to the uttermost, as I please, in words. (IV, iii., 78-85). Katherine directly goes against her husband. She does not show him the respect a husband should receive. Katherine never changes her untamed ways; she stays wild at heart. Obviously, in William Shakespeares Taming of the Shrew, Katherine is never actually tamed by Petruchio. Bibliography The Taming of the Shrew, by William Shakespeare

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Vocab In Context Questions and Strategies for SAT Reading

Vocab In Context Questions and Strategies for SAT Reading SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips What are "vocab in context questions" and what are the best ways to approach answering them? In this article, I'll go over the basics of what vocab in context questions are, then transition into more in-depth discussions of each of the two types (complete with examples, both official and homemade). Finally, I'll end with suggesting strategies to use when tackling these types of questions. feature image credit: Sopa de letras by srgpicker, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original. Note: This article is about the Vocabulary in Context questions on the old, out-of-2400 SAT, which had five answer choices (instead of four) and were worded slightly differently. If you're looking for advice on these kinds of questions for the new SAT Reading and Writing and Language sections, we recommend reading our article on Words in Context questions instead! What Are Vocab In Context Questions? Vocabulary in context questions are the questions on SAT Reading passages that question you directly about vocabulary in the context of a paragraph. While having vocab knowledge can help you with other types of questions, for the purposes of this article, I've focused on the types of questions where knowing vocabulary is essential to being able to get the right answer. (Note: This article is not about sentence completion questions, which are no longer part of SAT Reading with the new 2016 SAT.) From my reviewing ofofficial SAT practice tests, I've come to the conclusion that there are two types of ways the SAT Reading passages will question you on vocabulary: #1: Based on how the word is used in the passage, what does that word mean? #2: How would you sum up the meaning of a few lines or a paragraph, using one word as your answer? Read on for a more detailed look at each of these types of vocab in context questions. Question Type 1: What’s The Meaning Of The Word In Context? These questions are probably among the most straightforward of all the SAT Reading questions. I like to think of them as asking â€Å"Here’s the word- what’s the definition?† Of course, just because the questions are straightforward doesn’t mean that they can't be tricky, but the way the questions are phrased themselves are pretty simple. In fact, they are almost always asked in one of the following ways: As used in line 42, â€Å"stake† most nearly means†¦ In the context of line 42, the phrase â€Å"dark husband to the midnight† means†¦ (I've altered the actual words asked by official SAT questions here, but you get the picture). Why does the SAT use the phrase "most nearly," rather than always just straight up asking "what does this word mean?" I believe there are two reasons: #1: The phrase is designed to trick you into picking an answer that kind of works (after all, stake only has to nearly mean the answer choice, right? #2: It's the SAT’s way of covering its butt (nope, you can't just pick an answer that works, you have to pick the best answer out of the available choices). Most often, these "Here's the word, what's the definition?" questions are about words that have multiple meanings. Since the SAT wants to trick you into rushing into thinking you know the answer, the test often will include an answer choice that is accurate for SOME definition of the word, just not the way it’s used in the passage. Here’s an example, taken verbatim from an official SAT practice test. Just going off the top of my head, the word â€Å"follow† can probably be used to mean any of the answers, depending on context. In order to figure out what it means in line 34, you're going to have to go back to the passage. The source sentence for this question reads as follows: â€Å"I came to realize that if I were able to record part of the dance- that is, the spoken part- and reenact it, the rest of the body would follow.† (lines 31-34; underline mine) How would you solve this question? First, replace the word with your own definition so that you have a preconception of what you're looking for: "I realized that if I could record the spoken part of the dance and reenact it, the rest of my body would be able to do it, too." As you can see, the rephrasing does not have to be super elegant, just accurate. Next,substitute answers into your rephrased sentence. The answer should look something like what you rephrased in the first step. For this question, only â€Å"join in† works ("I realized that if I could record the spoken part of the dance and reenact it, the rest of my body would join in"). Want to see another example? No problem! Here’s a trickier example I’ve based on an actual SAT question (although I took some liberties with the topic). Example A: â€Å"The relationship of the vampire and his assistant seemed to have been reversed, and Igor, now in his early twenties, was the authoritative one; since boyhood he had been taking on one responsibility after another, until he had left the vampire with nothing to perplex him but how to while away the hours when the servants were busy and Igor was out searching for brains.† In this sentence, â€Å"perplex† most nearly means†¦ (A) trouble (B) bewilder (C) astonish (D) entangle (E) embarrass If you replaced the word â€Å"perplex† with any of the answer choices, with any of the answer choices, it would make thematic sense. After all, since Igor’s taking over all the responsibilities there it’s possible there could be nothing to bewilder, astonish, entangle, or embarrass the vampire. In addition, doesn’t â€Å"perplex† sometimes have something to do with bewilder or astonish? Danger! Danger! This is all part of the SAT’s Cunning Planâ„ ¢ (not actually trademarked) to trap you! It’s a trap by Mike Knell, used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped from original. Do not answer the question based on things that â€Å"could be right,† depending on information you do not know. Imagine you're a cranky English teacher, grading student interpretations of a book read for class. You're not a generous teacher who’s looking for reason to give a student points any way you can because she argued the point. No, you're looking for reasons to mark answers as wrong. Take that mindset into the SAT Reading with you: Only the answer that is directly supported by the context of the passage is acceptable.In this case, the answer is (A) trouble: the vampire has no responsibilities to worry about and so has nothing to bother, or trouble, him. Even though all the other answer choicestechnically mean "perplex," no other answer choice fits in the context of this sentence. This is the key point of this class of question. Sometimes, instead of asking about individual words, the SAT Reading will question you about multiple words, making the question more like "Here's the phrase, what's the meaning?" See example B: In these cases, you're being asked to define a phrase with another phrase. Either way, however, both word in context and phrase in context questions should be approached in the same way: always, always go back to the line in which the word or phrase appears- don’t let the SAT fool you into answering without checking! Want to learn more about the SAT but tired of reading blog articles? Then you'll love our free, SAT prep livestreams. Designed and led by PrepScholar SAT experts, these live video events are a great resource for students and parents looking to learn more about the SAT and SAT prep. Click on the button below to register for one of our livestreams today! Question Type 2: What Word Is Defined By The Passage? These questions ask you to recognize the definition in the passage and relate it to the answer choice that matches it. In contrast to the previous question type of vocab-in-context questions, I think of these as asking â€Å"Here’s the definition, what’s the word?† The SAT has more varied ways of asking these questions than the â€Å"here’s the word, what’s the meaning?† questions. I've written up below a short list of examples that I've come across in my reviewing of SAT practice tests. Disclaimer: I have edited the questions so that they all refer to the same subject matter; these are not questions that appeared on the actual SAT (yet). The public’s response described in line 42 most strongly suggest that Dracula’s acts were†¦ Based on the description in the last sentence, Dracula could best be characterized as†¦ In line 42, Dracula is portrayed as†¦ The author uses the word â€Å"monster† (line 42) to convey the narrator’s sense of†¦ The author characterizes a â€Å"vampire† (line 42) as something†¦ In line 42, the author describes vampires as†¦ The information in the second paragraph indicates that the vampire’s â€Å"modern reputation† is†¦ The second paragraph indicates that Dracula believes the â€Å"proper state† would be one of†¦Ã¢â‚¬  "What word is defined by the passage?" questions can actually be easier than the "here's the word, what's the definition?" questions. Why? Because since the definitions are in paragraph form, you may be able to gather more information to help answer the question. Here's another actual SAT example (this time unmodified): If you know the definition of the word â€Å"elitist,† that can be an easy shortcut to the answer: Plato was an elitist, which probably means he was characterized by (E) snobbishness. If you don’t know what elitist means, however, the author goes on to explain further in the rest of the paragraph: Plato wanted to ban things for being free, accessible, and popular†¦that sounds snobby. Okay, (E) snobbishness it is. Plato by Tilemahos Efthimiadis, used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped from original. Plato†¦the first hipster? Strategies To Master Vocabulary In Context Questions So what strategies can you use to master these two types of SAT Reading questions? I've put together a three-step strategy guide below. Strategy 1: Rephrase the information given. For questions that ask about words in context, define the word first in your head (or on scrap paper, whichever is easier) in the context of the sentence or paragraph, without looking at the answer choices. Remember, your rephrasing does not have to be elegant as long as it conveys the meaning. For instance, take a look at example C: "This article effectively concedes that Stoker’s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has suffered since his death." In this line, "suffered" most nearly means†¦ My thought process: Let me replace the word with one that keeps the meaning of the sentence. â€Å"This article effectively concedes that Stoker’s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has had to deal with (in a negative and painful sense) since his death.†Yeah, that works (aside: well, I can see why the author used just one word). For questions that ask you to take a paragraph and choose the best answer that describes it, answer the question in your own words before looking at the answer choices. See example D: My thought process: Question is asking about the education described in these lines. Okay, what does the paragraph say? In college there’s assigned reading, but the important thing is when students discover books on their own and jump back and forth across history, languages, and cultures. That sounds like a diverse education to me. Okay, I’ve got that, now I can look at the answer choices. Strategy 2: Cross out answers that clearly don’t fit. Sometimes, you can get to the right answer just by knowing what the wrong answers are. This is an especially useful strategy if there's an answer choice with a word that you don't know the meaning of. If you know that the other three answers are definitely wrong, it doesn't matter that you don't know what the meaning of the fourth answer is; by process of elimination, it must the correct choice. Let's take a look at this strategy in the context of example C, from before: My thought process: Okay, the choices are endured, felt, prolonged, tolerated, and lamented. Which of these are close to â€Å"had to deal with (in a negative and painful sense)?† Endured: yes. Felt: no. Prolonged: not really. Tolerated: not really negative. Lamented: no. The answer is probably (A) endured. This strategy still works if you are trying to sum up the meaning of a paragraph in one word. I'll copy and paste example D again, so you don't have to scroll back up: My thought process: The choices are elitist, philanthropic, eclectic, methodical, or rudimentary. Which of these are close to meaning diverse? Elitist: I don’t think so. Philanthropic: doesn’t that have something to do with giving money to people? Maybe? Eclectic: someone with eclectic interests has a lot of different interests. Hmm. Seems more likely! Methodical: no. Rudimentary: looks like rude, but who knows [note: I know].The right answer is probably (C) eclectic [Second note: Even with process of elimination, this question would be pretty tricky if you didn’t know the meaning of eclectic, philanthropic, or rudimentary. For more on how to study vocab effectively, click here]. Strategy 3: (Optional) Plug the definition back in. This strategy works best for the "here's the word, what's the meaning?" questions, because word-for-word substitutions are a lot simpler than word-to-sum-up-entire-paragraphs-of-information substitutions. Let's take one more look at example C, a "here's the word, what's the meaning?" question: "This article effectively concedes that Stoker’s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has suffered since his death." In this line, "suffered" most nearly means†¦ My thought process: Substitution time! â€Å"This article effectively concedes that Stoker’s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has endured since his death.† Yep, that’s right. Just to double check with the maybes: â€Å"This article effectively concedes that Stoker’s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has prolonged since his death.† haha what that doesn’t make any sense â€Å"This article effectively concedes that Stoker’s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has tolerated since his death.† I mean, sort of? But why bother with "sort of" when I have a definite yes? (answer: do not bother with "sort of" if you have a definite yes) Get Plugged In by Rennett Stowe, used under CC BY 2.0. Whew. Where Do I Go From Here? Are these strategies fine in theory, but hard to put into practice because you always run out of time before finishing? Discover how to avoid that terrible time crush with our article on time management on SAT Reading. Want more in depth guides like this? Use our ultimate guide to SAT reading for links to more articles on the other types of SAT Reading questions. What are the other types of questions you’ll find on the SAT, and what’s the best way to read the passage to answer them? We have strategies for reading passages effectively here. What are the skills you’ll need to excel on the SAT Critical Reading? Read our overview of what's actually tested on SAT Reading for the answer. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? Check out our best-in-class online SATprep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your SATscore by 160 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this Reading lesson, you'll love our program.Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get thousands ofpractice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Check out our 5-day free trial:

Sunday, November 3, 2019

Managing the Employment Relationship Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words

Managing the Employment Relationship - Essay Example However, regardless of the size of the organisation, it is advisable for employers to have effective systems for providing information and consultations with employees on a periodic basis (ACAS, 2005). This is particularly critical for small companies that are growing at a fast rate and need to have systems in place for employee engagement as is the case with the company under consideration. One form of employee representation is trade unions. Trade unions are associations of employees. Trade union is â€Å"an organization of workers that aims to protect and advance the interests of its members† (BIS, 2009). Their objective is to sustain and enhance the terms and conditions of work for their members. This is done through collective bargaining with employers. Recognition of the trade union by the company is very important for collective bargaining. Collective bargaining takes place when the trade union negotiates with the employer on behalf of the employees on matters regarding pay and other terms and conditions of employment. Trade unions are of four types: company union, general/industrial union, craft union and white collar union (Cole, 2003). Company union represent the employees in a single company. General or Industrial union represents employees from several companies belonging to the same industry. Craft union represents skilled workers in a specific field . White collar union represent white collar employees e.g., teachers and professors. Trade unions are set up to protect and promote the interests of employees. The existence of a trade union reduces the possibilities of industrial conflict (Dillon, 2009). Trade unions play a vital role in effective communication between management and employees. They provide the support system to ensure that the differences of opinion do not turn into major conflicts. Trade unions play an

Thursday, October 31, 2019

Public Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Public Policy - Essay Example It also helps in evaluating financial as well as non-financial data which helps to improve and enhance domestic performance of a country. They help a government to make critical decisions which may include processes efficiency, investing in new administrative functions, improvement of infrastructure etc. It is mostly intended towards public policies and it also utilizes the information which can help governmental organizations in making decisions which help them to achieve their goals and objectives. Only limitations which can be placed when emphasis is placed on public management is diversion from administrative functions. According to Lonsdale (1999), the role of Public management has been highly important in the growth and development of the public sector of the UK since the last few decades. It has helped to develop a very important way of re-arranging and re-organizing public and government sector bodies within the UK for and has integrated various important disciplines such as management, financial reporting, auditing etc. In a broader context, the concept of public managementfocuses on failures and incompetency of public sector management and evaluates the nature and process of public sector activity along with public administration. Several important public sector issues as Utilization of resources, waste management, accountability etc are related with public management. Public management in UK has certainly explored some extremely important and very influential expressions for the economic policies of the country and also the business related as well as public sector reforms of the UK governme nt which has occurred since 1979 (Pollitt, 1993).The impact of the Public management policy in the UK has been highly influential and this has resulted in some very important changes which the many political parties within the UK have left untouched. The government of UK implemented certain very

Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Research Proposal Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 7750 words

Research Proposal Example These may produce negative impact on the outcomes. In order to minimize the impacts of these risks and uncertainties, business organizations, very often go for insuring their assets, physical as well as human capital. However, the decision for purchasing this financial product is not a random decision. Insuring decision of any business organization depends on various factors. Most of the large business houses purchase insurance as soon as they enter into the market or start their operation. However, for small and medium business enterprises (SMEs), non-insurance or under-insurance is a common phenomenon. The proposed study will try to find out the factors that play significant roles behind the making of an insurance decision for SMEs. This study is mainly concerned with Australian SMEs and hence it will focus on insurance decision making of Australian small and medium business enterprise small scale business owners of Gold Coast and Brisbane district. This study will take into accoun t small scale business owners of Gold Coast and Brisbane district. In order to conduct a successful research, it is necessary to conduct a rigorous review of existing relevant literatures. This review of literatures will be helpful in constructing the theoretical framework for the proposed study as well as it will show the gap in existing literatures and will b helpful in providing justification for the proposed study. Since the proposed study is concerned with insurance decision making of SMEs, two types of literatures will be reviewed. First of all, focus will be placed on those literatures which provide some theoretical explanations of insurance decision making under risk and uncertainty. Then focus will be shifted to the empirical findings of the existing literatures relating to the operation of SMEs and their insurance decisions, primarily in the context of Australian market. Risks and uncertainties have attracted attention of a large number of researchers as risks and