Tuesday, November 26, 2019
imperialism essays During most of the 19th century, our national policy was isolationism, meaning that we would steer clear of all foreign affairs. The policy was constructed and put into effect due to George Washington's Farewell Address. He stated that since we are a small, young country, we should not get involved in foreign affairs. However, after western expansion out to the pacific coast, in the late 19th century, we began looking overseas. Our country felt that expansion overseas was not only necessary, but demanded in order to have power. At the same time, not everyone agreed towards overseas expansion, and that caused great disagreement within the country. Now we look back, and the question is, was the United States justified in becoming an imperialistic power? I believe the US was. Based on several sources, I think we were justified. In document 1, Alfred Mahan, a Navy Officer and supporter of imperialism, stated why we needed to expand internationally. Before the start of the Spanish American war, Mahan wrote a book called The Interest of America in Sea Power. In it, he states that we must begin to look outward because of the growing production of our country, our location between Asia and Europe demands it, and the public feelings demands it. Mahan was helpful in creating the Great White Fleet. His reasoning's for why we should expand revolved around the Navy. While growing would protect us, like Mahan wanted, it would also help us in other aspects. In Document 6, we see that if we acquire the countries in the pacific, we will be closer to China. China has excellent trading privileges for us. In China, there were spheres of influence, where certain countries had special trading advantages. We also issued the Open Door Policy allowing trade throughout China f or all. Besides having markets and trading, from acquiring these "stepping stones" in the pacific, we will also gain military strength for forces and we'll be able refuel and repair our ...
Saturday, November 23, 2019
From Now on Forget about Where Can I Find Research Papers Troubles From Now on Forget about Where Can I Find Research Papers Troubles College research papers can be extremely challenging to write, but any student can confirm that it is easier to write a paper when you have an example. Here are five fabulous resources for finding sample research papers. 1. The Internet You really can find anything on the Internet these days, including thousands of research papers on an endless variety of topics. No matter what topic you were assigned to, you are almost guaranteed to find a sample essay on the Internet. Although the variety of papers on the Internet is a major benefit, anyone can upload an essay, so there is often no way to be sure that the essay you are viewing is from a credible source. You should be careful not to use a poorly written sample as a model for your own research paper. Some pieces on the Internet cost money, and not all of these are of such a high quality they claim to be, so be attentive. If you use your best judgement, the Internet is a great place for anyone who asks him/herself, Ã¢â¬Å"Where can I find research papers?Ã¢â¬ 2. Libraries Libraries are filled with books that may offer examples of excellent research papers, which you can use to help shape your own paper. Libraries provide you with far more credible resources than the Internet, so using the library is the way to ensure that you are only using the best and the most qualitative papers to guide you. However, searching for sample papers in a library may be much more challenging endeavor than finding research papers on the Internet. If you are willing to meet the deadline and effort for the most credible examples, then the library is the right place for you. 3. Friends or Siblings If your friends or siblings have previously taken the classes you are enrolled in, they may have written about the same topic in the past. Even if they havenÃ¢â¬â¢t written papers on the same topic, you may still be able to view a research paper graded by your professor, which will give you an idea of what your professor looks for in research papers and how to structure your own essay the right way. Of course, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to make sure that your sibling or friend did well in the class, before using his/her research paper as your example. Although you may use the paper as an example, be sure that you do not copy it outright. Plagiarism is taken very seriously at the colleges and universities, so use the paper as a guide for creating your own original piece. 4. Professor If you ask your professor, he/she may have examples of research papers from previous students stored in her office. This is one of the best ways to ensure you get a great example- if your professor, who is grading your research paper, recommended the example, then you know it is a good one to use as a guide for your own writing. The paper will also likely have the professorÃ¢â¬â¢s mark and comments written on it, which can give you valuable insight into what the most important point you should cover in your own work is. 5. Classmates You may be able to compare essays with your fellow classmates. Perhaps you can get together with your classmates to brainstorm research paper topics, and later meet to read one anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s essays and offer feedback. It can be very helpful to listen to the ideas of others in your class for inspiration, get feedback on your own ideas, and receive a second opinion from students who are taking the same class. However, some college students fear sharing ideas or writing with others not to be copied. If you find a group of students you can trust who are willing to share ideas, it will be a great opportunity to get more inspiration. Next time you are writing a research paper, but you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a sample to guide you, try using one of the resources we have suggested. You will come up with some strong, qualitative examples to help you produce an excellent research paper of your own.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Business Continuity - Assignment Example It emphasizes assessing varied risks that a business faces while performing different operational functions. Finally, Ã¢â¬Ëmaintaining business continuityÃ¢â¬â¢ is all about responding effectually towards any adverse situation, faced by a business during the conduct of various functions. This focuses on following methodical business procedures for reaping benefits (Armstrong, 2012). The above stated conceptions can be better understood with the example of improving system along with process resilience in relation to a Ã¢â¬Ëdisaster recovering planningÃ¢â¬â¢ project. In this similar context, it can be affirmed that Ã¢â¬Ërunning business continuityÃ¢â¬â¢ will focus on identifying the biggest risks and the mitigation costs as well. In respect to the concept of Ã¢â¬Ëdeveloping business continuityÃ¢â¬â¢, the factors like developing effective continuity plans and using the valuable resources play a vital role. The notion of Ã¢â¬Ëtesting business continuityÃ¢â¬â¢ in relation to the above example can be better explained as identifying the threats in accordance with varied risk levels and reviewing the results of such threats. Finally, Ã¢â¬Ëmaintaining business continuityÃ¢â¬â¢ for the aforesaid example will emphasize empowering the project team and most importantly, updating project response procedures (Armstrong,
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Appalachian Mountain Top Removal (strip mining) - Essay Example Everyone is aware of the dangers of black lung and cave-ins, but the coal has to be brought out at any cost. The long-suffering people in these company towns buried deep in the folded mountains and valleys of the Appalachians are the stuff of legend. Unfortunately, like most legends, the realities of modern coal mining have relegated these people to the realm of fiction. Thanks to mining methods such as Mountain Top Removal (MTR), the coal industry barely needs people at all anymore. MTR became a popular method of mining coal in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s. Traditional deep shaft mining using lots of skilled labor and traditional techniques had been growing increasingly expensive due to increasing labor costs and safety regulations. Large coal companies began to use a technique commonly called Ã¢â¬Å"strip miningÃ¢â¬ , where the overburden covering the coal seams was entirely removed. This method allowed for the extraction of large amounts of coal using machinery instead of human labor. This is more economical for the company but provides fewer jobs for the people most affected by the mining. MTR is much like strip mining except it happens on a massive scale. The nature of this type of mining has lead to devastating consequences for the environment, economy and society surrounding these mines. MTR in the Appalachian region, centering on the states of Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and Kentucky is largely a product of the geology of the area. Through geologic time, the Appalachian Mountains have been folded and compressed. Coal seams often follow the general topography of the surrounding mountains. Traditional methods of mining involved an angled shaft that penetrated overlying resistant rock in an effort to get at the coal seam. In MTR, the entire top of a ridge is blasted away, exposing the seam. The seam is then worked from top to bottom and down slope using massive dragline and excavation machinery. The environmental
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Happy Feelings Essay Happiness is something that does normally come to everyone in one way shape or form. Happiness is not something that just comes, itÃ¢â¬â¢s something that you create. In a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life if you are waiting on something to change in order to be happy, then youÃ¢â¬â¢re not living life. When you adopt a positive attitude, life becomes a rewarding instead of something to get through. If you wish to be happy, you have to be less involved in your own happiness and more involved in the happiness of others. Make others happy and you become happy as a result. Involve yourself totally, throw yourself into what you are doing in life, and happiness will result. If you are compromising, i.e. doing something you hate as a means to an end so that good will result one fine day, STOP! Begin to do more of what you love now and let that grow until it fills your life. Then happiness will be yours, and you will be better able to bring happiness to the world, (Asoka Selvarajah). We look for happiness outside ourselves, thinking that if we and the right job, homes , and the right friends we would be truly happy. All our life we have tried to surround ourselves with people and things that make us feel comfortable. A step in seeking happiness is learning that we first have to learn how negative emotions are not helpful and positive emotions are helpful. Ã¢â¬ We must also realize that these negative emotions are not only very bad and harmful to one personally, but are also harmful to society and the future of the whole world, (Dalai Lama). The Dalai Lama believes that happiness is a state of mind is the source of happiness must lie within the mind. If our mind is pure and peaceful we shall be happy, regardless of our external changes. Dalai Lama believes that happiness is achieved through compassion and training the mind. To achieve happiness begins with distinguishing between spirituality and religion. To have a spiritual portion in your life, you will appreciate the happiness in your life. My first subject I chose was Jennifer Aldred, She is a close friend and someone that I recently began dating. Jennifer is 33 years old and holds a degree in Computer Science. Jennifer is employed at the Chick-fil-a Corporate Office as an Administrative Communications Assistant. The questions I had presented to Jennifer were as follows: 1. What is your definition of Happiness? 2. Has your definition of happiness changed over time? 3. What experiences have influenced your definition? 4. Do you expect your definition to change again over time? 5. Do you think the happiness of other around you affect your happiness? 1. Happiness is a relative-term that is based off of the levels of serotonin in the body. Ã¢â¬Å"I have a science background; what can I say.Ã¢â¬ 2. My definition of happiness has only changed slightly over time; more dramatically from childhood into adulthood. As a child, happiness was more about receiving a material gift. Now, as an adult, time is more valuable to me. And, being able to spend time with my peers gives me that same sense of happiness as when I was a child and my parents would give me a new toy. Of course, most of our basic needs such as food, shelter, love and peer bonding have continued to make me happy over time. As we age, the definition of happiness will mature as with our lives. 3. Looking into the past, I associate key events (birthdays, being able to drive for the first time, the birth of my friendÃ¢â¬â¢s children, getting married, vacations, etc.) with my happiness. Currently, I am very content with where I am in life so there for each day is filled with an undertone of happiness. Contentment = happiness. 4. I completely expect my definition of happiness to change again. As I progress into different stages of my life, whatever is most valuable to me will become my greatest source of happiness. 5. Yes, the happiness of others directly affects my happiness. My second subject I chose was Kristie Thompson, She is a work associate and is an Executive Assistant and holds a MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s Degree in Business Administration. Kristie is employed at the Chick-fil-a Corporate Office. The questions I had presented to Kristie were as follows: 1. What is your definition of Happiness? 2. Has your definition of happiness changed over time? 3. What experiences have influenced your definition? 4. Do you expect your definition to change again over time? 5. Do you think the happiness of other around you affect your happiness? 1. Happiness is defined as following the path that God has lead out for you and being in His will. Only when you are doing what God has called you to do can you really be happy. It is knowing that I am doing what He created me to do regardless. 2. Happiness has changed as Ive matured, as a kid, happiness was the next big present received or achievement for parents to be proud of you. As an adult, happiness is rarely about you or your achievement. 3. As a Christian, everything is influenced by what I learn in the Bible and my life experiences, whether good or bad, just support that. 4. No, I believe that IÃ¢â¬â¢m am pretty set in my ways. I have my family, home and everything that I need. IÃ¢â¬â¢m 38 years old and believe I have found I am pretty set in my ways in what I like and donÃ¢â¬â¢t like. 5. The happiness of others around me may impact my mood, but not my true happiness. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not going let other bring me down. I can say I have brief moments of happiness, for example when my children accomplish something, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t overall affect my overall happiness. www.cedarfire.com/art.word-asoka.shtml Richardson, Hugh E. (1984). Tibet Its History. 1st edition 1962. 2nd edition
Thursday, November 14, 2019
After Bethany and Sarah's presentation, "Nature as Woman," I was interested and confused - as were they, I think - by the multiplicity of contradicting views of nature as it relates to gender. According to dominant views on Romanticism, access to nature required a distinctly feminine perspective. Paradoxically, this feminine perspective, entitled ycleped 'sensibility' was to be taken utilized most effectively by men, yet it rested on 'feminine' "emotion [as] Ã¢â¬ ¦ a more pure response to nature" (Fay 5). According to G.J. Barker-Benfield's The Culture of Sensibility "the sentimentalizing process" involved the temperance of a certain 'manliness' that is "uncouth and savage" (288) unless moderated by a feminine influence, thus woman was to use the so-called 'natural' gifts of her sex to lend culture to her more robust and virile counterpart. On first glance, this moderation of 'manly' characteristics appears to lend legitimacy to 'feminine' ideals; however, this apparent liberation o f the feminine illuminates two very serious problems. First, as Barker-Benfield points out, 'feminine' ideals are privileged, but only as they serve to improve upon man; woman is not idealised in her own right. In this service of a masculine purpose "woman was to be 'fashioned' by men rather than by herself" (288). Second, the seemingly legitimisation of 'feminine' ideals can appear progressive but, as a result, ultimately serves to authenticate an idea of 'natural femininity that is, in the opinion of many a feminist, a repressive patriarchal social construct that lacks any real biological referent. Thus it is very fitting, - but not the least bit subtle - that this artificial idea of femininity should be directly applied to Nature herself. If, as Betha... ...constantly striving and failing to solidify and naturalize its gender assumptions. In the end, gender and patriarchy itself are proven unstable and fundamentally paranoid. Works Cited Bethany and Sarah. "Nature Being Represented as Woman." Romantic Travellers. 10 Feb. 2005. David S. Miall. 18 Feb. 2005. http://www.ualberta.ca/~dmiall/Travel/index.htm Fay, Elizabeth A. A Feminist Introduction to Romanticism. Malden: Blackwell, 1998. Privett, Anne. "Appropriating Nature: Gilpin, the picturesque and Landscape Gardenting." Appropriating Nature: A Presentation for English 409. 10 Feb. 2005. Khaghan Parker, Anne Privett and Luke Ingberg. 18 Feb, 2005 2006. http://members.shaw.ca/weaters/index.htm Mulvey, Laura. "Visual Pleasure in Narrative Cinema." Literary Theory: An Anthology. Ed. Julie Rivkin and Michael Ryan. Malden and Oxford: Blackwell, 1998.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Compare the ways the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËMedusaÃ¢â¬â¢ show characteristics of being isolated and having bad or no kind of relationship with people. Both the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËMedusaÃ¢â¬â¢ show characteristics of being isolated from humans; as shown in the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢, a man is being shunned by the general public, he is thought to be a bit of a joke Ã¢â¬â not to be taken seriously or treated as an equal. People fear him, yet despite this they also have a contrasting emotion of pity. Once thought of as rebellious, the man has now faded into the background, being forced to choose a simple job; his lack of education ensures this. He is a clown. The town clown. Ã¢â¬ËMedusaÃ¢â¬â¢ can relate to the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ because, although she was once accepted amongst people; beautiful and in love Ã¢â¬â she doubted her fiancÃ ©Ã¢â¬â¢s loyalty, slowly transforming her into a bitter and unsightly woman, thinking it would be Ã¢â¬Ëso better by far for me if you were stoneÃ¢â¬â¢ in hopes that he would feel as isolated as she felt. MedusaÃ¢â¬â¢s wild thoughts slowly began to take actio n on her appearance, transforming her into a gorgon. Although Medusa and the clown punk are similar in many ways, Medusa chose to exclude herself from the rest of society, wanting to be unseen and living in the shadows of life, while the clown punk was turned away Ã¢â¬â wanting to be noticed but forever ignored. The Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ uses plenty of emotive language to emphasize the fact that the clown punk is a character the reader must feel for. The structure of the poem is 4 lines long within 4 stanzas, apart from the last which contains only 2, perhaps to draw attention to the fact that people wish that they could see less of the clown. Ã¢â¬ËMedusaÃ¢â¬â¢ however uses a lot of figurative language Ã¢â¬â using similes and metaphors to emphasise the fact that Medusa is a character the reader must fear but also pity, similar to the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ Emotive language, such as Ã¢â¬Ëdeflated faceÃ¢â¬â¢ is used in the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ to create a vivid image for the reader. The language used allows the reader to picture the clown, making him appear more realistic and letting the reader feel sympathy for the clown punk because they can now imagine him clearer as a person with emotions. Ã¢â¬ËTurned the hairs on my head to filthy snakes, as though my thoughts his sed and spat on my scalpÃ¢â¬â¢ This sentence is used in the Medusa poem because unlike the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ it usesÃ both figurative language and emotive language, such as the simile, the use of the word Ã¢â¬ËfilthyÃ¢â¬â¢ and alliteration of the Ã¢â¬ËSÃ¢â¬â¢ sound. The Ã¢â¬ËSÃ¢â¬â¢ sound creates the sense that the reader can actually hear the snakes upon Medusas head, these snakes share MedusaÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, and take action upon them. Ã¢â¬ËThe shonky side of townÃ¢â¬â¢ is used in the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ because the clown does not belong to the Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢ side of town. Ã¢â¬ËshonkyÃ¢â¬â¢ is a new word, invented by the author to show that there is no way to describe the awfulness of where the clown lives without mixing and matching words, (shonky is made up of shady and wonky) this is perhaps to show the slang attitude of punk rock. At the end of the second stanza within the Ã¢â¬ËMedusaÃ¢â¬â¢ poem, their is a question which seems rhetorical Ã¢â¬â where in actual fact the question is answered at the beginning of the third stanza, making the reader pause momentarily before receiving the answer. This pause makes the question more frightening because waiting slightly adds drama and suspense to the poem. Within the structure of the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ you could argue that the poem contains some characteristics of a sonnet, this could show that the clown punk is going against normal rules, he is rebelling. The structure of the Ã¢â¬ËMedusaÃ¢â¬â¢ poem is rather long compared to the relatively short Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËMedusaÃ¢â¬â¢ poem does not rhyme, whereas the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ rhymes in the first, part of the third, and last stanza. The clown punk uses the same amount of syllables in each line in the first stanza. The reader of Ã¢â¬ËMedusaÃ¢â¬â¢ would feel sorry her. Although Medusa rejected herself from social interaction, she is wild and can barely think straight without the snakes twisting her every thought. In addition to this, the reader may also attempt to understand medusaÃ¢â¬â¢s situation, in spite of the fact that she is no longer human Ã¢â¬â the reader can still sympathise with her. The author of the Ã¢â¬ËClown PunkÃ¢â¬â¢ never reveals the clowns actual name, this makes him seem mysterious and less human. Without a name, the public nickname him words that can scare other people away from him. It is this fear that contradicts the readersÃ¢â¬â¢ earlier emotion of pity. The reader of this poem would feel sympathetic at the relationship between the clown and the people, they would perhaps also feel grateful that they are accepted into their community Ã¢â¬â and no longer take for granted their friends and family.
Saturday, November 9, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"Privacy seems to encompass everything, and therefore it appears to be nothing in itselfÃ¢â¬ (Solove, 2008, p. 7). It is an oversimplification to define privacy as all what an individual owns. With the evolution of new technologies nowadays, it is very hard to define privacy because it varies from one person to another and from one culture to another (Solove, 2008). With the rise of social networks during the last decade, new views about privacy started to emerge due to its special mechanism in sharing information. Social networks enable users to instantly share information, thoughts, photos, products and videos with the many users in the network at once. Unlike other means of communication, the information in social networks can spread to hundreds of users in seconds. Then, the users who received the information may share it among their network, and then further to other networks, which will end up in spreading the information to millions of people in no time, just like a chain reaction. This new mechanism of sharing, which is becoming faster every day, raised new concerns about privacy among individuals and organizations. In spite of all these concerns about the personal privacy on the social networks, social networks websites are the most visited websites in the internet. For example, Facebook has reached 901 million monthly active users in April, 2012 (Hachman, 2012). Although social networks enables an easy sharing of private information about individuals or low profile information about organizations, individuals and organization should not be afraid of using social networks due to privacy concerns, and instead they should be more public and utilize the social network. Being public and open to the world is better than being private and closed because it enables people to learn from others personal experience. Naturally, any individual or organization benefits from communicating with others. Nevertheless, communication with others, regardless of the mean of communication, usually involves giving away some private information to the other. However, social networks empowered the world a new mean of communication that benefits all the users in the network by sharing private information. For example, an individual can share some previous experiences such as overcoming an illness, eating habit, or making a project. Being afraid of sharing experience, because of privacy, would only deprive others from benefit of these experiences. According to Tapscott (2012): Fully 20 percent of all patients with the fatal disease ALS share intimate information about their treatment and condition on the network PatientsLikeMe. com. And tens of thousands of others with rare diseases who use that website report that sharing has helped them better manage their illness. Because the social network enabled them to share information about their medical conditions, which is very private information, they supported each others with valuable information about their disease and inspired each others with their experience. Social networks enhanced collaboration, which in return brings benefits to all individuals, at the cost of personal information. Some may argue that because of posting private information on social networks, some employee may suffer from being fired from or being denied for a job. In other words, social networks negatively affect employment because they allow the employers or managers to access an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s or a job applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s private data. For example, Andrews (2012) states in her book that a high school teacher, called Ashly Payne, was asked to resign because she uploaded a photo of her on Facebook drinking an alcoholic drink even though it is legal to drink in her country. She also claims that employers Ã¢â¬Å"will not hire someone whose Facebook page includes photo of that person drinking or in provocative dressÃ¢â¬ (p. 122). However, the information on social networks could not be used against an employee or a job applicant because it is considered unethical and illegal. First, it is unethical to judge a worker from the personal aspects rather than working skills. Besides, Jarvis (2011) defines privacy as Ã¢â¬Å"the ethics of knowingÃ¢â¬ and publicness as Ã¢â¬Å"the ethics of sharingÃ¢â¬ (p. 110). Therefore, it depends how the individual interpret others information. On the other hand, employers can also look into a job applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s profile in a social network to see his/her previous experience in work. Second, it is illegal to make ecision on an employee or a job applicant based on social networks personal information. Furthermore, this act is considered discrimination and the company can be sued for this action (Waring & Buchanan, 2010). Therefore, employees and job applicants should not be afraid of posting information in social networks. Social network is a safe place to share private information with others. The main issue is that private data on the social network is accessible anytime and anywhere. Without a doubt, the privacy of individualÃ¢â¬â¢s profile data in the social network should be protected to make the network a safer place for sharing. Therefore, many social networks provide powerful tools to control the access on private information. First, social networks do not grant access to other users profile data anonymously. In order to access any data even if it is public, the individual needs gain the social networks trust by registering an account in the social network. This enables the social network administration control over the social network. Second, the user can choose who is able to view his/her profile private information and what information others can see. For instance, the user can block accounts, specify groups and set privileges. Third, social networks also provide a help center to report abuse of the services such as spamming, bullying or hateful speeches. The social network administration can stop any account permanently or even take legal action if an individual is reported abusing others privacy. Finally, most social networks provide a parental control to help parents control how their children use the social network. Since social networks rely on the trust between the users, these tools does not only make a social network a safer place, but also trustworthy. Richters and Peixoto (2011) performed a research to show the transitivity of trust in social networks. They found out that people decide who to trust based on other peers who trust. To emphasize this to the topic, users trust only specific users over their private information and thus they trust the social network. Conversely, trusting the social network increases the trust among the users. In addition, trustworthiness implies a social network safety, which in return means users being more comfortable sharing their information using the social network. For example, one of the reasons that made Facebook the most successful social network is the trustworthy of the users. According to Jesdanun (2006, as cited in Fogel & Nehmad, 2009), because Facebook was only restricted for students, the users felt safer to share data through the social network. Nowadays, Facebook is open to the public, but they are very strict in term of network safety. In fact, FogelÃ¢â¬â¢s and NehmadÃ¢â¬â¢s (2009) research statistics showed that Ã¢â¬Å"those who had social networking profiles had significantly greater mean scoresÃ¢â¬ ¦ indicating that they believed Facebook is a more trustworthy social networkÃ¢â¬ (p. 175). For any social network to be successful, the social network has to maintain the trust of their users through the safety of the social network. Therefore, social networks are trustworthy over the usersÃ¢â¬â¢ private in the social network. Despite of these control tools, some may argue that social networks still a potential threat to the usersÃ¢â¬â¢ privacy. For instance, many believe that social networks made a fertile ground for identity theft and stalking. People usually fear the technology; because social networks are also considered one of them, every possible problem falls under the umbrella of privacy concerns on social networks. Privacy, however, is not only controlling the data access, but also controlling how it is used or interpreted (Boyd, 2010). Let us discuss these problems one by one. First, identity theft occurs when someone steals someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s secret information and pretending to be that person. According to Jarvis, Ã¢â¬Å"[the identity theft issue] is less an issue of privacy than larcenyÃ¢â¬ (2011, p. 96). Assuming it is an issue of privacy, suppose someone hacked someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s account or page on a social network, thus accessing or using the victimÃ¢â¬â¢s information. Should this be considered the social network fault? The user, the victim, probably did not take security precautions to protect what he/she considered a private data. Additionally, the social network provides tools to retrieve, to report or to suspend a stolen account. Second, stalking is obsessively observing an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior or information. Unfortunately, stalking can mostly be from those who have access to the profile information such as friends and coworkers. However, it still depends on how they interpret the information. For example, if someone knew that his friend is getting divorced, he decides whether to support him, help him, or stand against him. Social networksÃ¢â¬â¢ databases do not only contain data about their users, but also how the users interactions with the social networks and other users. Therefore, the data in social networks are very valuable as some refers to it as Ã¢â¬Å"the new oilÃ¢â¬ . Social networks use these data, through data mining, to improve its services and to gain revenue. Most social networks gain revenue from targeted advertising. For example, if a user often reads about cars, or writes posts related cars, the data mining system is going to assume this user is interested in cars. Therefore, the social network shows that user advertisements related to cars within the userÃ¢â¬â¢s living area. Social networks created a new marketing option that helps the companies to expand their production and services (Andresen, 2011). On the other hand, data mining and targeted advertisement raises new privacy concern in social networks. For example, some users may feel uncomfortable when these advertisements are based on some information that were marked as private, a personal chat with a friend for instance. However, data mining and targeted advertising does not violate privacy laws or ethics. According to Seltzer research in data mining ethics (2005) Ã¢â¬Å"like most statistical methodologies data mining by itself is ethically neutralÃ¢â¬ (p. 1441). This is mainly because the data mining process is carried on by computer programs, which will not interact with these data the way a human would. They will not develop any judgment or feelings about the user no matter how sensitive the data is. Moreover, social networks provide advertisers with anonymous statistical data. In other word, advertisers do not know the identities of users in the statistics provided by the social network. In conclusion, social networks are new powerful tool for communication with the others. The data on the social networks are can easily be accessed anywhere and anytime, and therefore this created a controversial debate between privacy and the social networks. However, being afraid of using social networks would have only deprived the benefits of using these tools. Besides, employees and job applicants should not be afraid of using social networks because their information in social networks could not be used against them as it is considered illegal and unethical to be used against them. Nevertheless, social networks provide powerful tools to control over the userÃ¢â¬â¢s private information, thus implying that the social networks are trustworthy over private information. In sprit of all privileges control tools, many people believe that the social networks can cause problems such as identity theft and stalking. However, these problems are not necessarily due to social networks, but instead it is due to how people interpret the information in the social networks. As a result the, the user should be more careful when posting a sensitive data and think before sharing any information. Finally, because social networks databases contains tremendous amount of data, social networks created a new form of business using these data while protecting the identity of the data. Therefore, individuals and organization should not concern privacy when using social networks and utilize its benefits.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Taming Of The Shrew Essays - The Taming Of The Shrew, Free Essays Taming Of The Shrew In William Shakespeares Taming of the Shrew, Katherine is not truly tamed because she simply follows Petruchios orders without changing her spirit. Petruchio gets his hands full when he marries Katherine. She is a very wild and rough woman who needs to be tamed. In the beginning of the story, Katherine is a very wild woman; her father speaks of her violent ways: For shame, thou hilding of a devilish spirit! (II, i., 27-28). Baptista, Katherines father, is obviously fed up with Katherine and her savage manners for him to utter such strong words to his daughter. Katherine is so feral that she will never be able to be tamed. Throughout the play, she remains this way. On the way to Biancas wedding, Petruchio threatens to turn back unless Katherine agrees that the moon is shining, and it is not the sun, as it truthfully is. Hortensio, one of Petruchios friends, advises Katherine to consent to Petruchio: Hortensio: Say as he says, or we shall never go. Katherine: Forward, I pray, since we have come so fare, And be it moon, or sun, or what you please. (IV, v., 13-15) Katherine is becoming very smart at obeying Petruchio. She now understands how to get what she wants from him. Her spirit is still wild and untamed; however, she acts loyal to Petruchio on the surface to avoid suffering Petruchios punishments. By not changing her nature, Katherine shows Petruchio that he is not in charge. The men of the town of Padua need to find a man to marry Katherine to free her fair sister, Bianca. Katherines father will not allow Bianca to marry until the elder is married. Petruchio is talked into marrying Katherine, mostly for her fathers dowry. When Petruchio first meets Katherine and talks of marriage, she is very wild and she tries to run away from him: I chafe you if I tarry. Let me go. (II. i., 255). Katherine does not want to be with Petruchio. She is happy being by herself and making her sister miserable. She is a very independent woman, and she enjoys living up to her reputation. When Petruchio fails to listen to Katherine about what type of outfit she wants to wear to Biancas wedding, she is enraged: Why, sir, I trust I may have leave to speak, And speak I will. I am no child, no babe. Your betters have endured me say my mind, And if you cannot, best you stop your ears. My tongue will tell the anger of my heart, Or else my heart, concealing it, will break, And, rather than it shall, I will be free Even to the uttermost, as I please, in words. (IV, iii., 78-85). Katherine directly goes against her husband. She does not show him the respect a husband should receive. Katherine never changes her untamed ways; she stays wild at heart. Obviously, in William Shakespeares Taming of the Shrew, Katherine is never actually tamed by Petruchio. Bibliography The Taming of the Shrew, by William Shakespeare
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Vocab In Context Questions and Strategies for SAT Reading SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips What are "vocab in context questions" and what are the best ways to approach answering them? In this article, I'll go over the basics of what vocab in context questions are, then transition into more in-depth discussions of each of the two types (complete with examples, both official and homemade). Finally, I'll end with suggesting strategies to use when tackling these types of questions. feature image credit: Sopa de letras by srgpicker, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original. Note: This article is about the Vocabulary in Context questions on the old, out-of-2400 SAT, which had five answer choices (instead of four) and were worded slightly differently. If you're looking for advice on these kinds of questions for the new SAT Reading and Writing and Language sections, we recommend reading our article on Words in Context questions instead! What Are Vocab In Context Questions? Vocabulary in context questions are the questions on SAT Reading passages that question you directly about vocabulary in the context of a paragraph. While having vocab knowledge can help you with other types of questions, for the purposes of this article, I've focused on the types of questions where knowing vocabulary is essential to being able to get the right answer. (Note: This article is not about sentence completion questions, which are no longer part of SAT Reading with the new 2016 SAT.) From my reviewing ofofficial SAT practice tests, I've come to the conclusion that there are two types of ways the SAT Reading passages will question you on vocabulary: #1: Based on how the word is used in the passage, what does that word mean? #2: How would you sum up the meaning of a few lines or a paragraph, using one word as your answer? Read on for a more detailed look at each of these types of vocab in context questions. Question Type 1: WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s The Meaning Of The Word In Context? These questions are probably among the most straightforward of all the SAT Reading questions. I like to think of them as asking Ã¢â¬Å"HereÃ¢â¬â¢s the word- whatÃ¢â¬â¢s the definition?Ã¢â¬ Of course, just because the questions are straightforward doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that they can't be tricky, but the way the questions are phrased themselves are pretty simple. In fact, they are almost always asked in one of the following ways: As used in line 42, Ã¢â¬Å"stakeÃ¢â¬ most nearly meansÃ¢â¬ ¦ In the context of line 42, the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"dark husband to the midnightÃ¢â¬ meansÃ¢â¬ ¦ (I've altered the actual words asked by official SAT questions here, but you get the picture). Why does the SAT use the phrase "most nearly," rather than always just straight up asking "what does this word mean?" I believe there are two reasons: #1: The phrase is designed to trick you into picking an answer that kind of works (after all, stake only has to nearly mean the answer choice, right? #2: It's the SATÃ¢â¬â¢s way of covering its butt (nope, you can't just pick an answer that works, you have to pick the best answer out of the available choices). Most often, these "Here's the word, what's the definition?" questions are about words that have multiple meanings. Since the SAT wants to trick you into rushing into thinking you know the answer, the test often will include an answer choice that is accurate for SOME definition of the word, just not the way itÃ¢â¬â¢s used in the passage. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s an example, taken verbatim from an official SAT practice test. Just going off the top of my head, the word Ã¢â¬Å"followÃ¢â¬ can probably be used to mean any of the answers, depending on context. In order to figure out what it means in line 34, you're going to have to go back to the passage. The source sentence for this question reads as follows: Ã¢â¬Å"I came to realize that if I were able to record part of the dance- that is, the spoken part- and reenact it, the rest of the body would follow.Ã¢â¬ (lines 31-34; underline mine) How would you solve this question? First, replace the word with your own definition so that you have a preconception of what you're looking for: "I realized that if I could record the spoken part of the dance and reenact it, the rest of my body would be able to do it, too." As you can see, the rephrasing does not have to be super elegant, just accurate. Next,substitute answers into your rephrased sentence. The answer should look something like what you rephrased in the first step. For this question, only Ã¢â¬Å"join inÃ¢â¬ works ("I realized that if I could record the spoken part of the dance and reenact it, the rest of my body would join in"). Want to see another example? No problem! HereÃ¢â¬â¢s a trickier example IÃ¢â¬â¢ve based on an actual SAT question (although I took some liberties with the topic). Example A: Ã¢â¬Å"The relationship of the vampire and his assistant seemed to have been reversed, and Igor, now in his early twenties, was the authoritative one; since boyhood he had been taking on one responsibility after another, until he had left the vampire with nothing to perplex him but how to while away the hours when the servants were busy and Igor was out searching for brains.Ã¢â¬ In this sentence, Ã¢â¬Å"perplexÃ¢â¬ most nearly meansÃ¢â¬ ¦ (A) trouble (B) bewilder (C) astonish (D) entangle (E) embarrass If you replaced the word Ã¢â¬Å"perplexÃ¢â¬ with any of the answer choices, with any of the answer choices, it would make thematic sense. After all, since IgorÃ¢â¬â¢s taking over all the responsibilities there itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible there could be nothing to bewilder, astonish, entangle, or embarrass the vampire. In addition, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬Å"perplexÃ¢â¬ sometimes have something to do with bewilder or astonish? Danger! Danger! This is all part of the SATÃ¢â¬â¢s Cunning PlanÃ¢â ¢ (not actually trademarked) to trap you! ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a trap by Mike Knell, used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped from original. Do not answer the question based on things that Ã¢â¬Å"could be right,Ã¢â¬ depending on information you do not know. Imagine you're a cranky English teacher, grading student interpretations of a book read for class. You're not a generous teacher whoÃ¢â¬â¢s looking for reason to give a student points any way you can because she argued the point. No, you're looking for reasons to mark answers as wrong. Take that mindset into the SAT Reading with you: Only the answer that is directly supported by the context of the passage is acceptable.In this case, the answer is (A) trouble: the vampire has no responsibilities to worry about and so has nothing to bother, or trouble, him. Even though all the other answer choicestechnically mean "perplex," no other answer choice fits in the context of this sentence. This is the key point of this class of question. Sometimes, instead of asking about individual words, the SAT Reading will question you about multiple words, making the question more like "Here's the phrase, what's the meaning?" See example B: In these cases, you're being asked to define a phrase with another phrase. Either way, however, both word in context and phrase in context questions should be approached in the same way: always, always go back to the line in which the word or phrase appears- donÃ¢â¬â¢t let the SAT fool you into answering without checking! Want to learn more about the SAT but tired of reading blog articles? Then you'll love our free, SAT prep livestreams. Designed and led by PrepScholar SAT experts, these live video events are a great resource for students and parents looking to learn more about the SAT and SAT prep. Click on the button below to register for one of our livestreams today! Question Type 2: What Word Is Defined By The Passage? These questions ask you to recognize the definition in the passage and relate it to the answer choice that matches it. In contrast to the previous question type of vocab-in-context questions, I think of these as asking Ã¢â¬Å"HereÃ¢â¬â¢s the definition, whatÃ¢â¬â¢s the word?Ã¢â¬ The SAT has more varied ways of asking these questions than the Ã¢â¬Å"hereÃ¢â¬â¢s the word, whatÃ¢â¬â¢s the meaning?Ã¢â¬ questions. I've written up below a short list of examples that I've come across in my reviewing of SAT practice tests. Disclaimer: I have edited the questions so that they all refer to the same subject matter; these are not questions that appeared on the actual SAT (yet). The publicÃ¢â¬â¢s response described in line 42 most strongly suggest that DraculaÃ¢â¬â¢s acts wereÃ¢â¬ ¦ Based on the description in the last sentence, Dracula could best be characterized asÃ¢â¬ ¦ In line 42, Dracula is portrayed asÃ¢â¬ ¦ The author uses the word Ã¢â¬Å"monsterÃ¢â¬ (line 42) to convey the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s sense ofÃ¢â¬ ¦ The author characterizes a Ã¢â¬Å"vampireÃ¢â¬ (line 42) as somethingÃ¢â¬ ¦ In line 42, the author describes vampires asÃ¢â¬ ¦ The information in the second paragraph indicates that the vampireÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"modern reputationÃ¢â¬ isÃ¢â¬ ¦ The second paragraph indicates that Dracula believes the Ã¢â¬Å"proper stateÃ¢â¬ would be one ofÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ "What word is defined by the passage?" questions can actually be easier than the "here's the word, what's the definition?" questions. Why? Because since the definitions are in paragraph form, you may be able to gather more information to help answer the question. Here's another actual SAT example (this time unmodified): If you know the definition of the word Ã¢â¬Å"elitist,Ã¢â¬ that can be an easy shortcut to the answer: Plato was an elitist, which probably means he was characterized by (E) snobbishness. If you donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what elitist means, however, the author goes on to explain further in the rest of the paragraph: Plato wanted to ban things for being free, accessible, and popularÃ¢â¬ ¦that sounds snobby. Okay, (E) snobbishness it is. Plato by Tilemahos Efthimiadis, used under CC BY-SA 2.0/Cropped from original. PlatoÃ¢â¬ ¦the first hipster? Strategies To Master Vocabulary In Context Questions So what strategies can you use to master these two types of SAT Reading questions? I've put together a three-step strategy guide below. Strategy 1: Rephrase the information given. For questions that ask about words in context, define the word first in your head (or on scrap paper, whichever is easier) in the context of the sentence or paragraph, without looking at the answer choices. Remember, your rephrasing does not have to be elegant as long as it conveys the meaning. For instance, take a look at example C: "This article effectively concedes that StokerÃ¢â¬â¢s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has suffered since his death." In this line, "suffered" most nearly meansÃ¢â¬ ¦ My thought process: Let me replace the word with one that keeps the meaning of the sentence. Ã¢â¬Å"This article effectively concedes that StokerÃ¢â¬â¢s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has had to deal with (in a negative and painful sense) since his death.Ã¢â¬ Yeah, that works (aside: well, I can see why the author used just one word). For questions that ask you to take a paragraph and choose the best answer that describes it, answer the question in your own words before looking at the answer choices. See example D: My thought process: Question is asking about the education described in these lines. Okay, what does the paragraph say? In college thereÃ¢â¬â¢s assigned reading, but the important thing is when students discover books on their own and jump back and forth across history, languages, and cultures. That sounds like a diverse education to me. Okay, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve got that, now I can look at the answer choices. Strategy 2: Cross out answers that clearly donÃ¢â¬â¢t fit. Sometimes, you can get to the right answer just by knowing what the wrong answers are. This is an especially useful strategy if there's an answer choice with a word that you don't know the meaning of. If you know that the other three answers are definitely wrong, it doesn't matter that you don't know what the meaning of the fourth answer is; by process of elimination, it must the correct choice. Let's take a look at this strategy in the context of example C, from before: My thought process: Okay, the choices are endured, felt, prolonged, tolerated, and lamented. Which of these are close to Ã¢â¬Å"had to deal with (in a negative and painful sense)?Ã¢â¬ Endured: yes. Felt: no. Prolonged: not really. Tolerated: not really negative. Lamented: no. The answer is probably (A) endured. This strategy still works if you are trying to sum up the meaning of a paragraph in one word. I'll copy and paste example D again, so you don't have to scroll back up: My thought process: The choices are elitist, philanthropic, eclectic, methodical, or rudimentary. Which of these are close to meaning diverse? Elitist: I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think so. Philanthropic: doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t that have something to do with giving money to people? Maybe? Eclectic: someone with eclectic interests has a lot of different interests. Hmm. Seems more likely! Methodical: no. Rudimentary: looks like rude, but who knows [note: I know].The right answer is probably (C) eclectic [Second note: Even with process of elimination, this question would be pretty tricky if you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know the meaning of eclectic, philanthropic, or rudimentary. For more on how to study vocab effectively, click here]. Strategy 3: (Optional) Plug the definition back in. This strategy works best for the "here's the word, what's the meaning?" questions, because word-for-word substitutions are a lot simpler than word-to-sum-up-entire-paragraphs-of-information substitutions. Let's take one more look at example C, a "here's the word, what's the meaning?" question: "This article effectively concedes that StokerÃ¢â¬â¢s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has suffered since his death." In this line, "suffered" most nearly meansÃ¢â¬ ¦ My thought process: Substitution time! Ã¢â¬Å"This article effectively concedes that StokerÃ¢â¬â¢s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has endured since his death.Ã¢â¬ Yep, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s right. Just to double check with the maybes: Ã¢â¬Å"This article effectively concedes that StokerÃ¢â¬â¢s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has prolonged since his death.Ã¢â¬ haha what that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t make any sense Ã¢â¬Å"This article effectively concedes that StokerÃ¢â¬â¢s magnificent story cannot be recovered from the misuse and distortion it has tolerated since his death.Ã¢â¬ I mean, sort of? But why bother with "sort of" when I have a definite yes? (answer: do not bother with "sort of" if you have a definite yes) Get Plugged In by Rennett Stowe, used under CC BY 2.0. Whew. Where Do I Go From Here? Are these strategies fine in theory, but hard to put into practice because you always run out of time before finishing? Discover how to avoid that terrible time crush with our article on time management on SAT Reading. Want more in depth guides like this? Use our ultimate guide to SAT reading for links to more articles on the other types of SAT Reading questions. What are the other types of questions youÃ¢â¬â¢ll find on the SAT, and whatÃ¢â¬â¢s the best way to read the passage to answer them? We have strategies for reading passages effectively here. What are the skills youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to excel on the SAT Critical Reading? Read our overview of what's actually tested on SAT Reading for the answer. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? Check out our best-in-class online SATprep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your SATscore by 160 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this Reading lesson, you'll love our program.Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get thousands ofpractice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Check out our 5-day free trial:
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Managing the Employment Relationship - Essay Example However, regardless of the size of the organisation, it is advisable for employers to have effective systems for providing information and consultations with employees on a periodic basis (ACAS, 2005). This is particularly critical for small companies that are growing at a fast rate and need to have systems in place for employee engagement as is the case with the company under consideration. One form of employee representation is trade unions. Trade unions are associations of employees. Trade union is Ã¢â¬Å"an organization of workers that aims to protect and advance the interests of its membersÃ¢â¬ (BIS, 2009). Their objective is to sustain and enhance the terms and conditions of work for their members. This is done through collective bargaining with employers. Recognition of the trade union by the company is very important for collective bargaining. Collective bargaining takes place when the trade union negotiates with the employer on behalf of the employees on matters regarding pay and other terms and conditions of employment. Trade unions are of four types: company union, general/industrial union, craft union and white collar union (Cole, 2003). Company union represent the employees in a single company. General or Industrial union represents employees from several companies belonging to the same industry. Craft union represents skilled workers in a specific field . White collar union represent white collar employees e.g., teachers and professors. Trade unions are set up to protect and promote the interests of employees. The existence of a trade union reduces the possibilities of industrial conflict (Dillon, 2009). Trade unions play a vital role in effective communication between management and employees. They provide the support system to ensure that the differences of opinion do not turn into major conflicts. Trade unions play an