Wednesday, December 25, 2019

The Party’s Attitude Toward Love and Sexuality - 1574 Words

The Party’s attitude toward love and sexuality 1984 is a novel written by George Orwell, the main theme of the novel is about how totalitarian society can control every aspect of a person thought, sexuality and action. Totalitarianism can be define as a repressive one-party that has total control over people thoughts and actions. In 1984, people are being control totally by the Party through device such as the telescreen. People are stripped away from their freedom to do things that they want. The Party wants people to only focus on improving the Party and set everything else aside. Love is nonexistent in this government and the Party’s policy strictly forbids sex. The Party restrains people from falling in love with one another.†¦show more content†¦Their freedom to love each other is being taken away by the Party. The Party is dehumanizing them by repressing the love that Winston and Julia have for each other. When people are being repressed they are more lik ely to gain curiosity and do things that they want. The Party can eliminate people that are having pleasurable sex because it is harmful to the Party. Winston and Julia are the two characters in 1984 that are likely to be eliminated from the Party because they are having pleasurable sex and not â€Å"goodsex†. They meet each other through their job and fall in love with each other. They are very secretive about their relationship because in their society it is against the Party’s policy. In the novel, Julia says that she had sex with a lot of members of the Party. She is trying to corrupt the Party by doing this because the Party’s purpose is to remove all sexual acts. George Orwell says: Unlike Winston, she had grasped the inner meaning of the Party’s sexual Puritanism. It was not merely that the sex instinct created a world of its own which was outside the Party’s control but and which therefore had to be destroyed if possible. What was more impo rtant was that sexual privation induced hysteria, which was desirable because it could be transformed into war fever and leader worship (133). Julia understands the sexual repression of the Party and she is against it because she believes that people should be able to do whatever they want toShow MoreRelatedWomen s Attitudes Towards Women1538 Words   |  7 PagesSwans examines China’s attitudes towards women by demonstrating the different social, political, and moral standards her (Chang’s) mother, grandmother, and herself were held to throughout their various stages of life. The changes that occur throughout the novel are of grand importance of understanding communist China and the way women are viewed today. In the time that Wild Swans takes place (1870-1978) a significant number of changes occur regarding China’s attitudes towards women, as their politicalRead MoreCritics of Novel 1984 by George Orwell14914 Words   |  60 PagesSetting: Oceania Main Characters: Winston Smith; Julia; OBrien; Big Brother/Emmanuel Goldstein Major Thematic Topics: mutability of the past; the existence of fact through memory; memory; history; language; oppression of writers Motifs: repressed sexuality; dreams Major Symbols: Newspeak; prole woman; birds; telescreens; glass paperweight The three most important aspects of 1984: The setting of 1984 is a dystopia: an imagined world that is far worse than our own, as opposed to a utopia, which isRead MoreLgbt19540 Words   |  79 Pagesprejudice and discrimination against lesbian, gay and bisexual people. It is also the dislike of same-sex attraction and love or the hatred of people who have those feelings. The term was first used in the 1970s and is more associated with ignorance, prejudice and stereotyping than with the physiological reactions usually attributed to a ‘phobia. While homophobic comments or attitudes are often unintentional, they can cause hurt and offence to lesbian, gay and bisexual people. Transphobia TransphobiaRead MoreArticle Reviews on Family, Society, Human Behavior, and Sexuality4652 Words   |  19 Pagesand Gender Roles Will Continue To Evolve, 2012) These perceptions about gender roles are expected to change and evolve with the passage of time and according to a number of studies the changes in the perceptions regarding the gender role will lead towards the elimination of gender inequality and other discriminations from the societies. (Family and Gender Roles Will Continue To Evolve, 2012) 2.INTERNAL DYNAMICS OF FAMILIES a.Internal Social Processes Social processes have a very wide meaning andRead MoreCulture War By Morris Fiorina6419 Words   |  26 Pagesdisplacement of the traditional economic conflictions that brought to life the twentieth century politics in the advanced democracies by newly emergent moral and religious ones (Fiorina, 2). Fiorina goes on to express how the journalistic community fell in love with the idea of cultural war. Having disagreement, division, polarization and rivalries at the tip of their fingers are perfect for news coverage. Heated discussions are much more appealing to the public than watching two politicians boringly comeRead MoreLeading Function of Management15642 Words   |  63 Pageseverything occurs in conformities with the standards. An efficient system of control helps to predict deviations before they actually occur. According to Theo Haimann, â€Å"Controlling is the process of checking whether or not proper progress is being made towards the objectives and goals and acting if nec essary, to correct any deviation†. According to Koontz O’Donell â€Å" Controlling is the measurement correction of performance activities of subordinates in order to make sure that the enterprise objectivesRead MoreSAT Top 30 Essay Evidence18536 Words   |  75 PagesThe first time she saw a plane (at the age of 10) she didn’t think that it was interesting at all! As a young woman during World War I, she trained as a nurse’s aide and helped as a volunteer at a military aid hospital; before she discovered her love of airplanes, she was busy helping wounded soldiers 1920 is credited as the year when Amelia Earhart discovered her passionate fascination with flying - as a passenger in a small plane, she knew within minutes that she had to learn to fly. SheRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pages don’t they? One of the arguments is much stronger than the other. Which one is that? ────CONCEPT CHECK──── Identify the indicator phrases in the following passage: I’ve been in love with you ever since you began going out with my friend Charles. So you shouldnt say no one loves you now that he doesnt love you anymore. ────15 When you are suspicious that an argument is present in a passage, the best strategy for finding it, besides simply asking the arguer whether they are arguing, is

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Essay on Abraham Lincoln the Politician - 1473 Words

Abraham Lincoln the Politician Abraham Lincoln: Moral, Just, and Practical Today in the United States one of the most controversial issues is race relations. Mainstream America would like to exist in an environment of integration and race independent societal construct. However, one cannot negate the existence of racially motivated problems. Slavery, which is a primary component of the development of what we call modern American culture and its abolition could be considered the moment where race relations started to become an issue in the US. Slavery was abolished after the civil war by President Abraham Lincoln. The question becomes, was the blood shed in the civil war motivated by a moral imperative to end†¦show more content†¦He built his own flatboat, navigated it to New Orleans, and then settled for a time to manage a store and a mill, and act as Post Master, as well as studying Law. In 1836 he was licensed to practice as an attorney, and settled in the following year in Springfield, Illinois, where he married Mary Todd. Though clashes of temperament between the high tempered Mary and her sincere but often inconsiderate husband meant that the marriage was never an easy one, it was not the tragedy that legend has made it. In 1847 Lincoln was elected to congress as a Whig, but he did not particularly distinguish himself in his one term of office, which was chiefly valuable for the formation of political associations and the establishment of a reputation for sincerity and honesty. He was not reelected, and it was an ebb-period of his career. It was not until 1854 that he began to stand out from the hundreds of provincial lawyer-turned-politician. In the last year the Bilk to reopen the Louisiana purchase to slavery gave rise to much northern opposition, and to the birth of the new Republican party. Lincolns speech at Peoria was the first occasion on which he stated clearly his personal attitude to the slavery issue. Slavery is founded in the selfishness of mans nature -- opposition to it is his love of justice. In 1856 he joined the Republican party, and fairly launched himself on his new career in 1858 when he stoodShow MoreRelatedAbraham Lincoln: Great Emancipator or Common Politician?1487 Words   |  6 PagesPresident Abraham Lincoln has been revered as one of the greatest presidents in the history of the United States. He is known for his great effect on slavery and served his terms during the civil war in a time of great controversy. The American Civil War (1860-1865) occurred at the exact time of Lincolns presidency (1861-1865). The North and the South were divided and a big issue was slavery, on which Lincoln took an anti-slavery stance. Lincoln has been called many things because of his views fromRead MoreSlavery During The 19th Century895 Words   |  4 PagesStates was split into two sections, the north and south, over the dispute of slavery. The south sought to further slavery while the north was in favor of abolishing slavery. Around 1858, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Dougla s, two politicians with completely different views on slavery fought each other with politicians trying to win the presidency election of 1860. This was known as the â€Å"Great Debates of 1858†. Slavery during the late 1800’s was at its highest peak; almost 1 out of 4 citizens had slavesRead MoreMaking An Abraham Lincoln Movie901 Words   |  4 Pages Making an Abraham Lincoln movie can be very tricky and a difficult job. Everybody knows the story of Abraham Lincoln and knows the persona that President Lincoln can give out. Spielberg’s, Ford’s, and Griffith’s Lincoln all did very notable work. Griffith’s Lincoln in Birth of a Nation was a worthy performance by Henabery. Ford’s Young Mr. Lincoln was known as one great over all film. The scenes in the film were spot on and the Lincoln played by young Mr. Henry Fonda was the best in the businessRead MoreAbraham Lincoln And The Gettysburg Address1152 Words   |  5 PagesAbraham Lincoln was born on Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin, now known as larue, County Kentucky. Lincoln got married in 1842 to Mary Todd. His children were Robert Todd, Edward Baker, William Wallace, and Thomas III. A braham was in office from 1834-1842. Abraham Lincoln died at age 56, april 15, 1865. The Republican Party met in Chicago to select a candidate. They took the chance now because of the democrats in turmoil. They needed someone who would help the north and also win most of the electoral collegesRead More Abraham Lincoln Essay1464 Words   |  6 Pages Abraham Lincoln sprang to the presidency from extremely humble and tragic roots. His father, Thomas, and his mother, Nancy, were both illiterate. When Abraham was young, he had a sister who died as an infant and a brother who died as a boy. When Abraham was nine years old, his mother tragically died, leaving him in the care of only his father, who, within the year of his wife’s death, remarried a widow, Sarah Bush Johnston. Sarah was extremely kind to Lincoln and encouraged his developing love ofRead MoreAbraham Lincoln And The Civil War1095 Words   |  5 Pages1861 Abraham Lincoln became the sixteen president of the United States. He had the Proclamation of declaring forever to free slaves within the Confederac y in the year 1863. Lincoln directly told the South In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you.... You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it. Lincoln wasRead MoreLincoln and Good Politics Essay946 Words   |  4 PagesLincoln and Good Politics Politicians today as well as yesterday must appeal to the masses to have any chance at being elected into office. Leading up to and during the election of 1860, with tensions rising between the North and South, the issue of slavery was a key to winning the election. Abraham Lincoln had repeatedly affirmed that Congress had no constitutional right to interfere with slavery in the South (Enduring Vision, p. 399). This modest view is what won him the RepublicanRead MoreEssay Abraham Lincoln1426 Words   |  6 Pages As the 16th president, Abraham Lincoln was known to be the greatest American President. He guided his country through one of the most catastrophic experiences in its history, the Civil War. He was a very unique president, being the first president to have a beard, being the tallest president standing at 6’4 and also being the first to be assassinated. Abe Lincoln accomplished many things in the 4 year term he had served before being assassinated. With his intelligence and hard work, he madeRead MoreThe Life Of Abraham Lincoln754 Words   |  4 PagesValenzuela 1 Issac Valenzuela Mrs. Barr 7th Grade Literature May 24, 2016 The Life of Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was born and raised in a log cabin. He was born on February 12, 1809. His mother was a great Christian. She often told them stories from the Bible. One day, Lincoln’s mother died of poisoned milk when he was only nine. Abraham Lincoln was one of the tallest presidents in our history. He was six feet, four inches tall. When he was elected president, he started theRead MoreAbraham Lincoln, Slavery and the American Civil War Essay1716 Words   |  7 Pagesinvestigation will analyze how Abraham Lincolns view on slavery reflected during and after the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865. To analyze exactly how Lincolns position on slavery affected the war overall, this investigation looks at Lincolns moral and religious views as well as his social and political views. Two main sources were used, both dealing with events relevant to his political career and his roots in his career and other important issues including slavery. Lincoln by David Herbert Do nald

Monday, December 9, 2019

Corporate Social Responsibility Report Trading Industry

Question: Describe about the Report for Corporate Social Responsibility Report of Trading Industry. Answer: Introduction Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been defined by many scholars and organizations. Most scholars and people have given almost similar definitions and thus it has been adopted by millions of organizations and persons all over the years throughout different sets of decades. Majority of these elites have defined CSR as a business system that enables generation and distribution of wealth with purposes of betterment to the stakeholders. It was first introduced in the year 1920 but later on collapsed. Its crumple was caused by break out of World War II. [i]However, it rose again in the year 1950 in organized way. Its fruits are being observed up to date. Most companies are being called upon each and every day by stakeholders in order to help address issues affecting the country. These issues include economic development and environmental management. They are expected to address these problems unconditionally since they are in better position to do so rather than relying on the gove rnment and the donors to bring about aid to the community. Corporations can perform well in their administration of corporate social administration when they work in a conjoined form with the stakeholders. This is because these groups of persons are in a good position in understanding the needs of the society. Likewise, they have the knowledge, which is the mechanism of sorting out the issues affecting the society. The problems to be handled by the organization as their social responsibility to the community are supposed to be addressed on time. This enables the company to plan in advance and prevent it from being subjected into financial crisis in the company. Early notifications also help in the decision-making process concerning crucial matters affecting the company as they deliver their services to the society. Scope of engagement Communicator audit is a duty given to an individual to carry out the work of checking out whether the company adheres to the sustainability policy. This duty entails going through several documentation and the structures of the company in order to obtain the information. One ought to go through the financial reports and the sales daybooks among others showing the transactions of the company. During the course of communicating on the sustainability concept, one should also look into the files of the human resource manager to get the information on the criteria of employing workers in the organization. During my research at the BHPs companies, I realized that their corporate charter clearly emphasizes the centrality and significance of the corporate social responsibility. This company has substantial interest in the convention and unconventional oil and gas businesses in the world. They are classified among the best performing manufacturing in the European region. Due to its performanc e mechanism, handling these issues based on their credibility is of great magnitude. This is because it samples out the behavior of developed organizations in the world. They deal with the highly rated pollutants across the world. During my course of work, I realized that they are performing very well in the sustainability concept of the society. This company has put in place stringent measures to aid in the conservation of the environment. First, the dirty water, which is normally released into water bodies, are recycled and reused back into the industry. The excess is pumped into the nearby villages to be used in running day-to-day activities. This helps the community by reducing the burden of walking long distance to obtain water. Moreover, the cost is reduced since it is given free of charge unlike those ones of the municipality in which one is required to pay a certain amount of money in order to receive. Another method they use in the conservation of the environment is through burning of waste and indecomposable material in the incinerators. This helps in the reduction of the gases to the ozone layer. This prevents the depletion of the ozone layer and thus health of the surrounding community is preserved. This company has also invested in the society so richly by planting trees within and outside the vicinity. This helps in making the climate of the area favorable for human homage. This companys board of directors closely complies with the government through the payment of taxes[ii]. This revenue collected is used in the development of different vicinities, which are entitled to create a better society. These vicinities include hospitals and schools. I realized the employment chatter of this company states that the employment consideration is prioritized on the locals first. This group through community based programs work hand in hand with the company to support the neighborhood. Their salaries are paid with certain percentage being for the corporate re sponsibility of their people. In their sustainable approach documentation, it came into my attention that this company is defined by Group Level Documentation. This describes the mandatory requirement and the accountability of the company to its stakeholders. According to it, they are expected to comply with the international council on mining and metals sustainable development framework, which is a requirement stipulated by the United Nations. This certification requires them to deal with the pollutions caused by these minerals as soon as they realize in order to prevent the human life from dangers brought about by such. They are also entitled to set workplace standards to enforce applications through the operated assets. They are also entitled to identify and operate on their material risk. This provides a strong foundation for active and consistent risk-based approach for sustainability of the environment and people wellbeing[iii]. The implementation also touches on the assessment of risk and consideration on the potentiality to health, community, environment, and the safety of the employees and the stakeholders. The employees are insured so that in case of a fatality in the line of duty, their families will still survive from the savings of their beloved one. Reference of CSR according to academic literature and industrial stand Although corporate social responsibility has been introduced many decades ago, its implementation and definition remain a continuous debate among many scholars and organizations worldwide. According to findings, many feel the stakeholders have exploited them. This is because they view that they run business to get profits to sustain themselves and develop their more business. They view this charitable work as an encouragement of laziness to the society since they just wait to be facilitated by the companies running within their locality. In literary and industrial cumulative definition is that sustainability responsibility refers to a business system that enables production and distribution of wealthy from the industries or corporations with key to betterment of the stakeholders. This is done through integration of ethical system and sustainable management practices. It is usually coupled by system approach in the company. The concepts used by the academicians and the industrial stan dards helps in supporting terminologies, which are required in developing visions that enables corporations to success manage the CSR[iv]. Academicians and the industrial standards started to do thorough research on the sustainability concept of the society in the year 1979. This was propelled by evolution of the CSR in that particular year. One of the leading academicians called Peter Ducker was the first to debate on this issue. According to him, social responsibility is simply the enjoyment of the company output by the company itself. This scholar believed that one ought to treat oneself nicely after hard work. He never agreed on the fact that it should get back to the society unless through employment. The subsequent authors on this matter completely disagreed with him. Carol Cuso is also another academician who tried to explain what corporate social responsibility is to her readers. The companies while maximizing profits must apply sustainability responsibility. She added that, they should also follow rules and the regulations set by the government in running of the limited liability companies. Apart from that, she also suggested the business should also extend its responsibility in order to cater for the needs of the society whether directly or indirectly. She stressed more on the ethical perspective of the corporation in alignment with doing their business activities[v]. Through an intensive research carried out in the libraries and the archives, it came into our attention that over 37 independent scholars have tried to explain the model behind the definition of corporate social responsibility. Among the numerous elites, one finds that there is lack of balanced definition. This is attributed by the fact that none of them provides a guidance towards it. Organizations such as the International Satisfied Organization (ISO) have also tried to give out the definition of the sustainability concept of the company to its stakeholders[vi]. This company later on created the definition, which is used extensively worldwide to define corporate social responsibility in all works of the society. This definition was first adopted and used by the private and public companies before other relative business organizations decided to also use it. ISO stated that the understanding of CSR is all about human rights, organizational governance, labor practices, community invo lvement, consumer issues, the environment, and fair operating practices[vii]. Besides, its system is made up of production and the distribution of wealth, ethical system, stakeholders management and the sustainable business practices. The capitalists principles approach on the proposed definition of sustainability advance was characterized by conflicts from the Islamic states. Most companies around the world adhere to the principle advantage and goal of these measures. However, some of them view it as waste of the profits of the company. CSR claims embedded in BHP's vision and strategic documents BHPs Billiton Company has a very well developed and followed vision while addressing what is required of them by the society and the stakeholders at large. One of the embedded information found in the documents of this company is the responsibility to the government. BHPs Billiton runs its operation in line with regulations and the rules stated by the government. It ensures that the taxes and the services to the citizen that is the employees and the other stake holders needs are adhered to as required by the law of the land. This is done through the board of directors who oversee the requirement and guide the management into exercising this requirement. Additionally, the BHPs ensures that the society is protected while they administer their duties of manufacturing hard metals. This is done by ensuring that they dispose of the waste in a synchronized manner to avoid coming into contact with the human beings as they carry their day-to-day activities. The societys financial incapacitati on is also protected through offering of employment opportunities. Additionally, they are given opportunities to subscribe to the companys tenders to gain profits in the event of winning of the tenders. They also build social amenities such as hospitals and schools. This will lead to enhancing the knowledge ability and the health wise of this people. Corporate identity and ethics is also among the factors the company practices with aim of building its society. They work according to the norms, which governs the surrounding populace. This is because the tradition of the people is very important and thus the need to follow the prescribed code of behavior by the company is necessary. This will lead to its increment in the productivity[viii]. Moreover, the reputation received from the public is outstanding. This is because the society is a mirror and your actions will be rated according to your deeds. BHP is also expected to be accountable to its work. This means that whatever happens, whether they were aware or not and it is within their dimension, they should make sure it is well sorted out. Apart from that, they should account to different stakeholders in the business. For example, they should ensure that the employees are paid their remunerations are required and on time. They are also supposed to be accountable in waste management sector. They should ensure that all pollutants are disposed responsibility to avoid contamination of the environment. Another major thing they must do come what may is collaborating with the stakeholders. This group helps in giving out information concerning important issues and the strategies they should put in place in order to facilitate trading. The stakeholders also help in giving out the information about how the community leaves so that when planning for the sustainability, appropriate budget is on the table[ix]. BHPs claims measurement According to the communicator approach done, one realizes that the governance found in the document of this company is measurable in nature. This is seen by the observations that all the required as specified by different bodies licensing this company is adhered to. Further, certificates awarded to this company from different organizations for their complete submission in the assistance of the community is inevitable. The way in which they dump their waste and the large recycling process in progress in the compound of this company gives them a big and inclusive outstanding charitable organization in the area[x]. Discrepancies between communicated intentions and corporate practices Most companies normally enter into business with great views and compliance to the CSR requirement. However, as time moves by, they start to slag in the provision of the incentives to the public. These are caused by issues such as corruption among the officials in the company, conflicts resulting between the company and the community and the fluctuation caused by prices mechanisms. Recommendations For any company to succeed, it should have certain qualities, which lure the customers. This can be obtained through inspiration of the masses. This helps in marketing of the products indirectly and thus improvement of the CSR. Transparency should also be geared since it is one way of giving the community a reason to belief in your capability. One should also develop a rationale argument uplifting the case of the company.[xi] Conclusion CSR is one of the greatest achievements ever developed in the trading industry. The government should be very tough to the businesses in order to ensure that this is followed to the latter. This will help in the eradication of the poverty since those who do not have help can access it from the capable ones in the universe. Companies should learn to be transparency in aiding the community since in one way or another they are the market of the produce in pipeline. Top of Form Bottom of Form Bibliography Asbury, S., Ball, R. The practical guide to corporate social responsibility: Do the right thing. New York: 2016. Bhaduri, S. Selarka, E.Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility of Indian Companies. New York: Springer; 2016. Blackburn, W. R., Environmental Law Institute. .The sustainability handbook: The complete management guide to achieving social, economic, and environmental responsibility. Washington D.C: Environmental Law Institute; 2007. Boubaker, S., Nguyen, D. K.Corporate governance and corporate social responsibility: Emerging markets focus. Oxford: Oxford Publishers; 2015. Haerens, M., Zott, L. M. Corporate social responsibility. Oxford: Oxford Publishers; 2014. Helen, J. S. An identity-based approach to the sustainable corporate brand.Corporate Communications: an International Journal2015; 16(2). Hunnicutt, S. Corporate social responsibility. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press; 2009. KaratasÃÅ'Â §-OÃÅ'ˆzkan, M., Nicolopoulou, K., OÃÅ'ˆzbilgin, M. Corporate social responsibility and human resource management: A diversity perspective; 2014. Jonker, J., Witte, M. C., Palgrave Connect (Online service). The challenge of organizing and implementing corporate social responsibility. Basingstoke [England: Palgrave Macmillan; 20006. O'Neill, P. The Industrial Corporation and Capitalism's Time-Space Fix; 2012, 74-90. Jamali, D., Karam, C., Blowfield, M. Development-oriented corporate social responsibility: Volume 2; 2015. James, H. Accounting as a human right: the case of water information.Accounting, Auditing Accountability Journal,26,2, 267-311; 2013. National Seminar on "Corporate Social Responsibility", In Kumar, S. Corporate social responsibility; 2015. Pedersen, E. R. Corporate social responsibility. Oxford; Oxford Publishers; 2015. Pompper, D. Corporate social responsibility, sustainability and public relations: Negotiating multiple complex challenges; 2015.[xii] Razeq, Z. M. UNDP's engagement with the private sector, 1994-2011; 2014.[xiii] Shah, S. Soulful corporations: A values-based perspective on corporate social responsibility. Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. Tor, E. Healthy personnel policies.International Journal of Manpower,2012; 33(3), 233-245. Wolf, R., Issa, T., Thiel, M.Empowering organizations through corporate social responsibility; 2015.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Main Barriers to Entry

Introduction In recent years, various businesses have been â€Å"ripping-off† customers in Britain. Since 1999, the United Kingdom car industry embraced an anti-competitive pricing strategy after the admission of Volvo. Volvo is a leading European car manufacturer. The car dealers entered new agreements to keep car prices extremely high. Most of the car manufacturers in the country fixed prices through â€Å"selective and exclusive distribution† (Ruppert 22). This discussion examines the main barriers restricting entry to the car industry.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Main Barriers to Entry specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More How the Main Barriers Restrict Entry into the Car Industry The current situation in the country explains why it is hard for car dealers to enter into the United Kingdom’s car industry. The first barrier to entry to this industry is the existence of an â€Å"oligopo listic market structure† (Ruppert 14). The case study shows a classical example of an oligopoly whereby the market is dominated by a few car manufacturers and dealers. The leading companies make secret agreements that keep car prices in the country extremely high. The companies also use â€Å"official† dealers to market their cars at a specified price (Ruppert 38). This explains why car prices in the country remains high. New firms trying to enter into the market cannot succeed because of the existing market structure. This explains how the car manufacturers have consistently blocked cheaper cars from the country. The other barrier to this industry is the occurrence of â€Å"tacit collusion†. Tacit collusion is a strategy whereby two or more firms agree upon a specific approach without necessarily writing it on paper (Tucker 64). The strategy makes it impossible to have a strong response from other companies. In the United Kingdom, the major car manufacturers hav e entered agreements to keep prices high. The strategy has kept potential competitors away (Ruppert 55). As well, the companies have constantly blocked cheaper cars from the country. The strategy discourages competitive practices thus forcing foreign companies to stay away. This kind of collusion promotes the business of the leading car dealers while threatening that of newcomers. New companies targeting the industry encounter numerous threats from the existing players. This is a major barrier to entry because the car manufacturers use different anti-competitive practices. The approach makes the industry unattractive for foreign car dealers. For instance, the leading manufacturers have constantly threatened major European car dealers and manufacturers. The new companies understand they can easily lose their businesses and dealership if they continue selling their cars to British consumers. Such threats have discouraged new players from investing in the industry (Ruppert 87). For new car manufacturers to enter to this industry, there should be no threats or any form of collusion. This explains why such a barrier makes the industry unattractive. As a result, the British consumer has to pay more for a car in the country.Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the United Kingdom, consumers have to purchase cars from the leading car manufacturers. The companies use â€Å"price signalling† to lock out foreign car dealers (Stackelberg 19). The dealers also delay delivery of ordered cars to the country. This has made it impossible for new companies to enter the industry. British buyers are forced to change their minds and buy cars from British dealers. This explains why car prices in the United Kingdom are higher than in other European countries. Although the European Commission (EC) advocates for a healthy competition, the major companies in Britain d o not embrace a â€Å"Cournot Competition†. This occurs when the existing companies do not act strategically. Instead, they collude in order to dominate the industry. This continues to affect the industry by discouraging new entries. The consumer continues to suffer from the situation by paying more than 10 % for a car. Without a healthy competition, new companies will find the industry less attractive and instead consider investing in other countries (Stackelberg 23). In 2002, the European Commission (EC) decided to change the â€Å"Block Exemption† regulations in order to allow different competitors operate in different countries. The new regulation provided car distributors exclusive territories to market or distribute their cars. The strategy helped develop new sales outlets in the European Union. However, the existence of the above barriers has not altered the situation in the United Kingdom (Tucker 81). Most of the car models marketed in the country are usually e xpensive than the normal European Union price. The rate of inflation continues to keep car prices high. Whenever there are barriers to entry, new dealers and car manufacturers are unable to have a profitable business. Conclusion There have been numerous accusations that British consumers are forced to pay much higher prices for cars than their Europeans counterparts. From the above discussion, it is notable that the Nash equilibrium is not embraced in the country. Instead, the car manufacturers have colluded with dealers in order to threaten new marketers. The existence of an oligopolistic market structure also makes the industry less attractive. The above barriers to entry to this industry have continued to affect the British car buyer. Works Cited Ruppert, James. The British Car Industry: Our Part in Its Downfall. London: Foresight Publications, 2008. Print.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Main Barriers to Entry specifically for you for only $ 16.05 $11/page Learn More Stackelberg, Heinrich. Market Structure and Equilibrium. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Print. Tucker, Irvin. Macroeconomics for Today. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print. This case study on Main Barriers to Entry was written and submitted by user Jeram1ah to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.